In Paradisum (from Requiem)
The Gregorian melody for In paradisum is in the Mixolydian mode. The special nature of this mode — with its lowered seventh degree, which makes it different from the modern major mode — is heard twice in this melody at cadences on the words Chorus Angelorum and quondam paupere. The melodic highpoint in this setting comes on the name of Lazarus , the poor beggar in Luke's Gospel.
A couple of adaptations of In paradisum have been written in English. Either of these, or the traditional Latin version, are sung at contemporary Catholic funeral masses. In Paradisum served as the inspiration for popular Gospel-turned-jazz piece " When the Saints Go Marching In ," which share the same first four notes, similar textual meaning, and use during the funeral procession of the body from the church to the cemetery.
Requiem, op. 48: vii. in paradisum Lyrics
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see In Paradisum disambiguation. Retrieved from " https: In —, the score was reworked for full orchestra.
Paul Taffanel conducted forces of performers. The composer said of the work, "Everything I managed to entertain by way of religious illusion I put into my Requiem, which moreover is dominated from beginning to end by a very human feeling of faith in eternal rest. It has been said that my Requiem does not express the fear of death and someone has called it a lullaby of death. But it is thus that I see death: The music of Gounod has been criticised for its inclination towards human tenderness.
But his nature predisposed him to feel this way: Is it not necessary to accept the artist's nature?
Fauré: Requiem: In Paradisum (page 1 of 6) | Presto Classical
As to my Requiem, perhaps I have also instinctively sought to escape from what is thought right and proper, after all the years of accompanying burial services on the organ! I know it all by heart. I wanted to write something different. It was not performed in the United States until , at a student concert at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia.
It was first performed in England in Most of the text is in Latin , except for the Kyrie which is Koine Greek. He slightly altered the texts of the Introit , the Kyrie , Pie Jesu , Agnus Dei , and In Paradisum , but substantially changed the text of the Offertory described below. He did not set the Benedictus the conclusion of the Sanctus , and added two texts from the Order of Burial , Libera me and In Paradisum.
He changed " libera animas omnium fidelium defunctorum " "deliver the souls of all the faithful departed" to simply " libera animas defunctorum " "deliver the souls of the departed".
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He replaced " Libera eas " "Deliver them" at the beginning of the next verse with a repetition of " O Domine Jesu Christe, Rex gloriae, libera animas defunctorum ", and he omitted the third verse beginning " Sed signifer sanctus He concludes with an added "Amen".
The composition is structured in seven movements:. Its movements and their sections are listed in a table for the scoring in voices , key , time signature using the symbol for common time , equivalent to 4 4 and tempo marking. The voices are abbreviated, S for soprano , A for alto , T for tenor , B for bass. Given the liturgical nature of the work, boy trebles are often used instead of sopranos.
In both works, the four remaining movements are sung by the choir alone, whereas Verdi, for example, has the soloists sing several arias and ensembles in his Requiem. Similar to Mozart's Requiem , the work begins slowly in D minor. After one measure of just D in the instruments, the choir enters pianissimo in six parts on the D minor chord and stays on it in homophony for the entire text " Requiem aeternam " eternal rest.
In gradual progression of harmony and a sudden crescendo , a first climax is reached on " et lux perpetua " and lasting light , diminishing on a repeated " luceat eis " may shine for them. The tenors repeat the prayer alone for eternal rest on a simple melody. The sopranos continue similarly that praise is due in Jerusalem, then all voices exclaim " Exaudi " hear.
The Kyrie begins with the same melody that the tenor sang before, but now in unison of soprano, alto and tenor, repeated in the following four measures in four-part harmony. The call "Christe" is strong and urgent the first time, repeated more softly a few more times. The final call " Kyrie " appears pianissimo. The Offertoire begins in B minor with a canon of alto and tenor in short succession on a simple modal melody with little ambitus , in a prayer " O Domine, Jesu Christ, rex gloriae " O Lord, Jesus Christ, King of Glory to free the souls of the departed from eternal punishment and the deep lake, ending in unison.
The sequence is repeated beginning one step higher for the next line, and again one step higher for the following more urgent call to Jesus, enforced by the basses. The voices add only softly, broken by rests, what the prayer is about: The baritone enters with " Hostias et preces ", offerings brought with praises, beginning on one repeated note, but asking with more melody " fac eas, Domine, de morte transire ad vitam " make them, Lord, transcend from death to life.
The choir repeats the first line of the text on the same motif as in the beginning, but in more elaborate polyphony in four parts, concluded by an uplifting Amen in B major.
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Sanctus Holy , in contrast with other compositions of mass and Requiem where it is often illustrated with great vocal and instrumental forces particularly Verdi's Requiem , is here expressed in extremely simple form. The sopranos sing softly in a very simple rising and falling melody of only three notes, which the male voices repeat, accompanied by arpeggios on the harp and a dreamy rising melody in the violins sometimes just a solo violin. The pattern appears several times, with the melodies increasing in ambitus , and the volume reaching forte on " excelsis " the highest.
The orchestra changes tone, the dreamy accompaniment is replaced by firm and powerful major chords with a horn fanfare marked forte, and the male voices declare " Hosanna in excelsis " praise in the highest.
This is answered by the sopranos in diminuendo , and the music softens and reverts to the dreamy harp arpeggios that it began with as the violin melody floats upwards to the final note in E flat major and the full choir repeats,with the altos finally joining: The solo soprano or treble sings the prayer to the "good Jesus" for everlasting rest.