El camino blanco (Andanzas) (Spanish Edition)
Berrocal, Miguel Ortiz, , il. Ayuntamiento de Madrid, Vega, Bernardo de la, Iberoamericana Editorial ; Frankfurt: Historia de la literatura universal ; 9. Historia de la literatura universal Madrid. Historia de la literatura universal Madrid ; 9. Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, Montaner Frutos, Alberto, pr. El sistema formular del Cantar de mio Cid: Scripta humanistica ; Goy Diz, Ana, ed. El Tapiz humanista II: Cursos y congresos de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela ; Don Quijote de La Mancha -- Congresos. Don Quijote de La Mancha -- Congresses.
Ellas tienen la palabra: Spanish poetry -- 20th century -- Anthologies. Booket novela ; Literatura colombiana -- s.
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Colombian literature -- 20th century -- History and criticism. Instituto de Estudios Auriseculares, Spanish drama -- -- History and criticism. Iberoamericana ; Frankfurt am Main: Bibliotheca Ibero-Americana ; Homosexualidad en la literatura. Latin American literature -- 20th century -- History and criticism. Spanish literature -- 19th century -- History and criticism. Literatura hispanoamericana -- s. Libros y lectura -- Citas. Books and reading -- Quotations. Literature -- Philosophy -- Quotations. Collection Essais Dijon, France. Jardiel Poncela, Enrique, Gallud Jardiel, Enrique, ed.
Ediciones del Viento, c Viento abierto ; Moyen Age, Outils et Syntheses ; 4. Cantares de gesta -- Francia. Epic poetry, French -- History and criticism. Chansons De Geste -- France. Historia de los amores de Clareo y Florisea y de los trabajos de Isea. Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad, Textos Unex ; 6. Honesto y entretenido sarao: Prensas de la Universidad de Zaragoza, Instituto Cervantes de Atenas, Alcorlo, Manuel Otero, Blas de La collection de sable ; Paracuellos del Jarama, Madrid: Spanish literature -- 21st Century -- Anthologies.
Queer theory -- Anthologies. La femme aux pieds nus. Rwanda -- History -- Civil War, Ruanda -- Historia -- , Guerra Civil. Narrativa actual Editorial Seix Barral. La importancia del demonio y otras cosas sin importancia. Spanish literature -- 18th century -- History and criticism. La mort de Don Juan: Libros Reno ; Brunel, Pierre, , ed. Godoy Vega, Francisco, Fernando Davis, , pr. Literatura francesa -- s. French literature -- 16th century -- History and criticism.
France -- History -- Cuenca Sandoval, Mario, , ed. Las cosas como fueron: Nuevos textos sagrados ; Ediciones Espuela de Plata, Among many in-between figures of Spanish literature, Fernan Caballero with her Carlism-related works is often counted among the post-Romantic writers. The same is the case of Manuel Tamayo Baus , whose early works are counted into Romanticism and the later ones into Realism. El Patriarca is a key work of early realist period; in terms of literary style it advances techniques typical for a new era, yet in terms of key message it conveys the same anti-Carlist narrative, presenting the opponents as hypocrites ran by the Jesuits and as murderers of bestial cruelty.
The novel, fairly popular in the s, features an extremely complex plot, covering also events of in France. Outbreak of the Third Carlist War has generally reinforced the tone set by Ayguals de Izco and the literary Carlists petrified in their role of fanatic cruel rednecks ran by the treacherous clergy. This time it was clearly the novel which became the key literary weapon, though it fell into two general genres: Focused on atrocities of the Carlist commander Samaniego, active during the last war — at that time the last was the Third Carlist War — it tended to brutal veracity.
The first two series of his monumental string of historical novels named Episodios nacionales are set before and it is the following ones, technically written already during the modernist period, which tackle the issue head on. However, they still represent typical Realism of their author and differ significantly — be it in terms of style or the role of Carlism — from the later modernist works. His objectives were clearly educative; his declared intention was to teach his compatriots their past.
His political militancy made him par excellence the Spanish Liberal Crusader;  as such, he intended to demonstrate what damage Carlism had inflicted upon the nation. In history of literature the prevailing view is that galdosian position on Carlism remains fairly stable and can be viewed as homogeneous. People can roam the streets freely, but howling and groaning of the monster can be still heard; since the brute might re-appear in town any minute, vigilance is the order of the day.
Also the Third Carlist War triggered popular cultural response, this time reduced almost entirely to the Basque linguistic realm and evading typical historical categories; this production is acknowledged in Karlisten Bigarren Gerrateko bertsoak , anthology edited by Antonio Zavala A Traditionalist through all his life and a militant Carlist in his youth, he fathered a number of poems intended as a praise of Carlism. They are written in Catalan, exalted in style and very explicit politically.
In prose the Carlist voice is down to two authors. In terms of Carlist motives the key difference between Modernism and earlier literary eras was that the movement ceased to be perceived as a direct threat. The Romantic and Realist literature was defined by political militancy; the Modernist writers can already afford another position. For them Carlism is rather a vague phenomenon from the past, fading away yet still casting its dark shadow.
Modernism was also the period when Carlism as a motive enjoyed top popularity among the Spanish literary greats. One was genuine, rooted in the rural population but largely unconscious, communitarian if not socialist, federative and anarchist in spirit. The two Carlisms are constantly present in Paz en la guerra , confusing both the protagonists and the readers; initially Unamuno was accused of nurturing Carlist sympathies, something he immediately denied.
In fact, for him Carlism was an element in a dialectic process of forming national identity and as such could not have been simply ignored or rejected. The vision of Pachico from last pages of the novel, namely that "both sides were right and neither was right", is usually attributed to Unamuno himself. The title of the novel might be interpreted in two ways: This confrontation was not necessarily symbolic; in numerous works and statements Unamuno openly praised civil war as means of overcoming dialectic differences. It was only once he had learnt the deadly toll of first months of the Spanish Civil War that he changed his view.
The controversy is whether the apparent exaltation of Carlism, demonstrated by many of his protagonists and not infrequently also by storytellers of his novels, should be taken at face value or whether it is part of an ironic and perhaps provocative discourse. Settling the issue on basis of literature only seems close to impossible.
For others,  Carlism represents an ambiguous myth, an illusion, sometimes bordering farce; its role is to catalyze a discourse about Spanish history, which blends glory with absurd. Among the giants of Spanish Modernism Baroja was the one who experienced most personal contact with Carlism, from his infancy days in the besieged Bilbao  to his senility in Vera de Bidasoa.
From his Nietzschean perspective Carlism was the movement of the weak, animated by the Church and luring those unable to become "men of action". Heavily attracted to rural vitality, at times primitive and brutal yet authentic, he lamented that it got hijacked by ideology powered by the priests, with the result of "double bestiality of being a Catholic and a Carlist". Hardly anyone of numerous Carlists, populating the novels of Baroja, is a man who joined the movement out of conviction: Though Baroja was attracted to what he saw as authentic rural virility in the Carlist ranks, he believed it endured despite, not because of their very Carlist nature.
Baroja is careful to strip the Carlists of their notorious machista appearance, in his vision reduced to cowardly brutality. Not only they can not wage the war like men, pursuing cowardly tactics and harassing women and children, but they are also beaten in one-to-one juvenile fistfights and lose miserably in pelota ; of course, they are neither a match for their opponents when it comes to attracting females.
He was identified, personally and as enemy of religion and Carlism, and at a roadside he was held by the Carlists at gunpoint. Following a brief discussion whether he should be executed, the year-old got off with a punch in the face. The most explicit case is La catedral ; the work is resemblant of an old-style militant assault rather than of the Modernist ambiguous discourse, as the Carlists are portrayed typically as hypocrites, who in the name of God engage in most ungodly atrocities or simply indulge in most earthly pleasures. Ciro Bayo  released Dorregaray. Joan Bardina during his Carlist phase in the s fathered politically very militant and exalted poems  and satires, yet they remain unknown even in the Catalan literature.
As author of heterogeneous short pieces Recorts de la darrera carlinada he is compared to such authors of war stories as Hemingway or Babel ,  while his novel La Punyalada is counted among masterpieces of Catalan literature of all time. Spanish literature of the 20th century poses a major problem in terms of periodisation, with many conflicting proposals offered; it seems close to impossible to single out an aesthetic literary trend generally accepted as prevailing or even to specify temporal borderlines for any given period, regardless of its would-be name.
Harboring a concept of violent clash as unavoidable outcome of current crisis, from the late regeneracionistas to the personalities of the Second Republic, is at times dubbed "catastrofismo". The Civil War produced a brief spate of literature intended to mobilise support for the belligerent parties, including the Carlists. Unamuno has abandoned the Carlist motive, though he kept tackling the phenomenon in his treaties and studies. A unique case of Carlism featured as key motive in writings of a literary giant who did not come from a Hispanic culture is The Arrow of Gold by Joseph Conrad The Polish-English writer claimed he had been himself involved in smuggling arms for the rebels along the Mediterranean coast during the Third Carlist War, yet historians of literature do not agree whether these claims should be taken seriously.
The Arrow of Gold seems heavily based on these juvenile experiences, yet Carlism serves mostly as a background evoking an atmosphere of mystery. Overall, the novel is considered a treaty on "emotional boundary between people";  Conrad has never again displayed any literary interest in Spanish issues.
Another foreigner who demonstrated interest in Carlism was Pierre Benoit , one of the most-read French writers of the 20th century and himself a Traditionalist; he adhered to its specific secular breed, in France shaped by the personality of Charles Maurras. He is worth noting because some of his novels, e. El abuelo del rey , provide a veiled discourse on tradition and change with Traditionalism present in the background.
Moreover, in his later novels some of his Carlist personalities, like Don Alvaro from Nuestro Padre San Daniel and El obispo leproso escape the usual scheme and provide an ambiguous and rather mysterious point of reference.
Banking on his first-hand experience he released a unique novel on Anarchist terrorism, Memorias de un terrorista: In El barrio maldito he portrays the province as held in reactionary grip of the Carlists, who themselves are traditionally presented as hyprocrytes;  in Centauros del Pirineo in a somewhat Barojian manner he hailed smugglers, who represent "sensibilidad fina, moderna, europea" as opposed to "elemento tradicionalista".
Drama lost importance as political battleground already in the midth century, yet echoes of Carlism-related debates were heard also among the playwrights. Among the spate of pro- Republican theatrical pieces of the s or even more militantly left-wing dramas of the early s many contained more or less explicit Carlist threads. In three first decades of the 20th century he was contributing as a prosaist and publisher, though especially as a playwright; his dramas embrace religious topics in historical setting, like La Reina Lupa The outbreak of the warfare triggered a spate of literary works intended to mobilize support and sustain enthusiasm.
Literary production of the Republicans remained far lower than on the opposite side; in none of some 30 works identified there is a Carlist personaje worth noting,  though some feature Carlist themes, like A sangre y fuego by Manuel Chaves Nogales  or Loretxo by Txomin Arruti The Carlist theme attracted also few less-known writers, though. Terminology and periodization problems related to history of Spanish literature in the 20th century apply also to the years after the Civil War. Alternative designations applied to culture of the era are "nacionalcatolicismo"  or "fascismo",  though both are disputed.
In terms of the Carlist motive in literature, the period is marked by a specific approach, which was heavily related to official control over cultural life and which reflected political role of Carlism in the Francoist Spain. Carlism was welcome when presented as a glorious movement of the past; on the other hand, Carlism was unwelcome as a cultural proposal for the present.
During first decades of post-war Spain the trend which clearly prevailed when it comes to the Carlist theme was continuation of the wartime-style novels; it was visible in the s but started to dry out and disappeared almost completely in the s. None of the key features changed: Casariego kept writing, but the most successful of his wartime novels, Con la vida hicieron fuego , did not contain Carlist threads. It differs from the earlier books in that the story is told from the point of view of Parker's close friends and allies in combat, Louis and Angel.
Louis and Angel are an unlikely couple whose quibbles and good humour are sometimes the source of comic relief. Louis is an enigimatic, large black man who was a hired killer but who now seems to be in semiretirement; Angel is a small white man and ex-burglar. They appear episodically throughout the Charlie Parker books as his only close friends, revealing themselves when Parker is in need of help and professional protection from his enemies.
Booko: Search results for John Connolly
The tenth Parker novel, titled The Whisperers , was published in Connolly is currently working on a script for the film adaptation of his short story "The Erlking", as well as a sequel to "The Gates". He began contributing to a weekly blog in January , which can be read on his official website, his MySpace page and Amazon. A Novel In Voices - an anthology of short stories from 15 mystery writers, also featured in Nocturnes.
Edited by Karin Slaughter. Gray's Folly", in Dangerous Women - an anthology of short stories from 17 crime writers. Edited by Otto Penzler.
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- Notes On Life And Letters.
- Connect Connect.
Edited by Ciara Considine. Sanctuary - based on the novel Bad Men and under development.