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The awkward case of 'his or her'. Test your visual vocabulary with our question challenge! Burglars use second floor window to enter, ransack house and steal electronic goods," 2 July In all those cases, burglars smashed open car and truck windows to steal purses, backpacks, computers, athletic shoes, binoculars, cash and other valuable items. A burglar had smashed the front door at Caribou Walnut St. First Known Use of burglar , in the meaning defined above. History and Etymology for burglar Anglo-French burgler , from Medieval Latin burglator , probably alteration of burgator , from burgare to commit burglary.
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From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. Come Back Here With That: Wodehouse 9 Words from P. Wodehouse 'Jeeves', 'snooter', and more. Do Burglars 'Burgle' or 'Burglarize'? According to one textbook, "The word burglar comes from the two German words burg , meaning "house", and laron , meaning "thief" literally "house thief".
In Canada, breaking and entering is prohibited by section of the Criminal Code and is a hybrid offence. Breaking and entering is defined as trespassing with intent to commit an indictable offence. The crime is commonly referred to in Canada as break and enter , which in turn is often shortened to B and E. There is no crime of burglary as such in Finland. In the case of breaking and entering, the Finnish penal code states that. However, if theft is committed during unlawful entering, then a person is guilty of theft or aggravated theft depending on the circumstances of the felony.
In Sweden , burglary does not exist as an offence in itself; instead, there are two available offences. Breach of domiciliary peace is applicable only when a person "unlawfully intrudes or remains where another has his living quarters".
Definition of 'burglar'
In such cases, the maximum punishment is two years' imprisonment. Burglary is defined by section 9 of the Theft Act , which describes two variants: Under Scots law , the crime of burglary does not exist. Instead theft by housebreaking covers theft where the security of the building is overcome.
It is a crime usually prosecuted under solemn procedure in a superior court. Another common law crime still used is Hamesuken , which covers forced entry into a building where a serious assault on the occupant takes place. Common law crimes in Scotland are gradually being replaced by statutes. In the United States, burglary is prosecuted as a felony or misdemeanor and involves trespassing and theft, entering a building or automobile, or loitering unlawfully with intent to commit any crime, not necessarily a theft--for example, vandalism.
Burglar | Define Burglar at irogyrikewyx.tk
Even if nothing is stolen in a burglary, the act is a statutory offense. Buildings can include hangars, sheds, barns, and coops; burglary of boats, aircraft, trucks, and railway cars is possible. Burglary may be an element in crimes involving rape , arson , kidnapping , identity theft , or violation of civil rights ; indeed, the "plumbers" of the Watergate scandal were technically burglars.
- Burglar definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary.
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As with all legal definitions in the U. Commission of a burglary with the intention or result of confronting persons on the premises may constitute an aggravated offense known as "home invasion. In some states, a burglary committed during the hours of daylight is technically not burglary, but housebreaking.
In California , for example, burglary was punished as burglary in the first degree, while housebreaking was punished as burglary in the second degree. California now distinguishes between entry into a residence and into a commercial building, with the burglary of a residence bearing heavier punishment.
Example sentences containing 'burglar'
In states that continue to punish burglary more severely than housebreaking twilight , night is traditionally defined as hours between 30 minutes after sunset and 30 minutes before sunrise. Some academics consider burglary an inchoate crime. Burglary, as a preliminary step to another crime, can be seen as an inchoate, or incomplete, offense. As it disrupts the security of persons in their homes and in regard to their personal property, however, it is complete as soon as the intrusion is made. This dual nature is at the heart of a debate about whether the crime of burglary ought to be abolished and its elements covered by attempt or aggravating circumstances to other crimes—or retained, and the grading schemes reformed to reflect the seriousness of individual offenses.
Possession of burglars's tools, in jurisdictions that make this an offense, has also been viewed as an inchoate crime: In effect piling an inchoate crime onto an inchoate crime, the possession of burglary tools with the intent to use them in a burglary is a serious offense, a felony in some jurisdictions. Gloves that a defendant was trying to shake off as he ran from the site of a burglary were identified as burglar's tools in Green v.
Under Florida State Statutes , "burglary" occurs when a person "enter[s] a dwelling, a structure, or a conveyance with the intent to commit an offense therein, unless the premises are at the time open to the public or the defendant is licensed or invited to enter. A person commits the offense of burglary when, without authority and with the intent to commit a felony or theft therein, he enters or remains within the dwelling house of another or any building, vehicle, railroad car, watercraft, or other such structure designed for use as the dwelling of another or enters or remains within any other building, railroad car, aircraft, or any room or any part thereof.
A person convicted of the offense of burglary, for the first such offense, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than one nor more than 20 years. For the purposes of this Code section, the term "railroad car" shall also include trailers on flatcars, containers on flatcars, trailers on railroad property, or containers on railroad property.
Burglary and the intended crime, if carried out, are treated as separate offenses.
Burglary is a felony, even when the intended crime is a misdemeanor, and the intent to commit the crime can occur when one "enters or remains unlawfully" in the building, expanding the common-law definition. It has three degrees. Third-degree burglary is the broadest, and applies to any building or other premises. Second-degree burglary retains the common-law element of a dwelling, and first-degree burglary requires that the accused be in a dwelling and armed with a weapon or have intent to cause injury. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts uses the term "burglary" to refer to a night-time breaking and entering of a dwelling with the intent to commit a felony.
Burglary is a felony punishable by not more than twenty years; should the burglar enter with a dangerous weapon, they may be imprisoned for life. In Maryland, under title 6, subtitle 2 of the criminal law code, the crime of burglary is divided into four degrees. The first three degrees are felonies, while fourth-degree burglary is a misdemeanor. Breaking and entering into a "storehouse" a structure other than a dwelling, also including watercraft, aircraft, railroad cars, and vessels with intent to commit theft, arson, or a crime of violence is second-degree burglary.
Third-degree burglary is defined as breaking and entering into a dwelling with intent to commit a crime. Simple breaking and entering into a dwelling or storehouse without specific intent to commit an additional crime is fourth-degree burglary. This degree also includes two other offenses that do not have breaking and entering as an element: Being in or on the yard, garden, or other property of a storehouse or dwelling with the intent to commit theft, or possession of burglar's tools with the intent to use them in a burglary offense.
In the criminal code of New Hampshire , "A person is guilty of burglary if he enters a building or occupied structure, or separately secured or occupied section thereof, with purpose to commit a crime therein, unless the premises are at the time open to the public or the actor is licensed or privileged to enter. Under the New York Penal Law , burglary is always a felony, even in third degree. In Pennsylvania, it is a defense to prosecution if the building or structure in question is rendered abandoned. Common Law Burglary is defined as: Statutory Burglary is defined as: If any person in the nighttime enters without breaking, or in the daytime breaks and enters or enters and conceals himself in a dwelling house or an adjoining, occupied outhouse, or, in the nighttime enters without breaking or at any time breaks and enters or enters and conceals himself in any office, shop, manufactured home, storehouse, warehouse, banking house, church or other house, or any ship, vessel or river craft, or any railroad car, or any automobile, truck, or trailer, if such automobile, truck or trailer is used as a dwelling or place of human habitation, with intent to commit murder, rape, robbery or arson in violation of Virginia State code section However, if such person was armed with a deadly weapon at the time of such entry, he shall be guilty of a class 2 felony.