What You Need to Know About Colon Cancer - Its Your Life, Live It!
As the cells accumulate, they form a tumor. With time, the cancer cells can grow to invade and destroy normal tissue nearby. And cancerous cells can travel to other parts of the body to form deposits there metastasis. Inherited gene mutations that increase the risk of colon cancer can be passed through families, but these inherited genes are linked to only a small percentage of colon cancers. Inherited gene mutations don't make cancer inevitable, but they can increase an individual's risk of cancer significantly.
If you're concerned about your family's history of colon cancer, talk to your doctor about whether your family history suggests you have a risk of these conditions. Studies of large groups of people have shown an association between a typical Western diet and an increased risk of colon cancer. A typical Western diet is high in fat and low in fiber.
When people move from areas where the typical diet is low in fat and high in fiber to areas where the typical Western diet is most common, the risk of colon cancer in these people increases significantly. It's not clear why this occurs, but researchers are studying whether a high-fat, low-fiber diet affects the microbes that live in the colon or causes underlying inflammation that may contribute to cancer risk.
This is an area of active investigation and research is ongoing. People with an average risk of colon cancer can consider screening beginning at age But people with an increased risk, such as those with a family history of colon cancer, should consider screening sooner.
Signs and Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Several screening options exist — each with its own benefits and drawbacks. Talk about your options with your doctor, and together you can decide which tests are appropriate for you. You can take steps to reduce your risk of colon cancer by making changes in your everyday life. Some medications have been found to reduce the risk of precancerous polyps or colon cancer. However, not enough evidence exists to recommend these medications to people who have an average risk of colon cancer.
These options are generally reserved for people with a high risk of colon cancer. For instance, some evidence links a reduced risk of polyps and colon cancer to regular use of aspirin or aspirin-like drugs. But it's not clear what dose and what length of time would be needed to reduce the risk of colon cancer.
Taking aspirin daily has some risks, including gastrointestinal bleeding and ulcers, so doctors typically don't recommend this as a prevention strategy unless you have an increased risk of colon cancer. Colon cancer care at Mayo Clinic. People with a family history of the disease or who have certain other risk factors should talk with their doctor about beginning screening at a younger age.
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Several different tests can be used to screen for colorectal cancer. Talk with your doctor to find out which tests might be right for you. This means 9 out of 10 people with early-stage cancer survive at least 5 years.
- Signs and Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer!
- Survival Rates for Colorectal Cancer, by Stage?
- Cancer survival rates don’t tell the whole story.
But if the cancer has had a chance to spread outside the colon or rectum, survival rates are lower. If your doctor finds something suspicious during a screening test, or if you have any of the symptoms associated with colorectal cancer, your doctor will probably recommend exams and tests to find the cause. Your doctor may want to take a complete medical history to check for symptoms and risk factors , including your family history. Still, most colorectal cancers occur in people without a family history of it.
Having other colon problems can also increase risk. Having type 2 diabetes can also increase risk. As part of a physical exam, your doctor will carefully feel your abdomen and also examine the rest of your body. But these survival rates do not take into account a person's age or any other health problems they may have. We understand that these statistics can be confusing and may lead you to have more questions.
“Go live your life.”
Talk to your doctor to better understand your specific situation. What is a 5-year survival rate? There are a number of limitations to remember: The numbers below are among the most current available. But to get 5-year survival rates, doctors have to look at people who were treated at least 5 years ago.
As treatments are improving over time, people who are now being diagnosed with colorectal cancer may have a better outlook than these statistics show.