Hatikva was one of many candidates to become the anthem of the Jewish state, and no fewer than 12 songs were suggested as its replacement over the years. It was an immediate hit among the Jewish pioneers in pre-state Palestine. Within years, Zionist groups in Israel and abroad adopted Tikvatenu in a truncated, two-stanza form as an ad hoc anthem. Tel Aviv schoolteacher Doctor I. In its early years, several melodies for Hatikva emerged. It is adapted to the modern sound of music, as employs frequently synthesizers along with the typical traditional instruments.
It emerged in the early s as a revival of Romanian traditional folk music and maintained a constant popularity until nowadays. It has the largest audience through the fans of Romanian folk music and it is popularized, along with Romanian folk music, through the medium of Etno TV, a Romanian Television, dedicated mainly to Romanian folk music, especially the modern side of this music.
Acoustic Romanian style of music, inspired by American folk music, with sweet lyrics and played almost exclusively with guitar.
Generally, it evokes a poetic and melancholic atmosphere. It emerged in the early s, along with the first releases of Phoenix band. From the early years the '60s there was in Romania an active Rock scene. Because of their free attitude which was associated with the western culture and the capitalist society, the communist regime censored as much as possible the rock musicians. The symbols of the movement like: The bands activated under the name of "instrumental-vocal musical ensemble" to avoid the expression rock which was considered to be subversive.
Veterans of the scene kept the rock spirit alive under difficult restrictive conditions. Rock was in these troubled times for its Romanian supporters more than music. It was attitude against the lack of freedom. The political freedom and the cultural openness obtained after the revolution marked a new era for the rock music in Romania. The scene is now very active even the rock music is not one of the main act in the Romanian mass media.
The rock clubs have a rich list of concerts. There are yearly organized great rock festivals with national and international character. In the s and the early s, with the emergence of independent television and radio stations, the term easy music has been replaced by pop. Mainstream success is shared between early dance-pop bands such as A. With the exception of Moldavian-based band O-Zone , Romanian Europop had not achieved considerable echoes outside the borders of the country until , when the band Morandi achieved success with songs written in English , Portuguese and other languages.
This new sound, nicknamed pejoratively by some "popcorn"  after the name of one of its characteristic synths, is characterized by "shiny", danceable melodies, hooks sometimes based on synthesized accordion  and simple lyrics written most often in English, accompanied by videos frequently featuring young women. However, since Romanian spectralism is virtually unknown outside the avant-garde music community, "popcorn" may be considered the first movement in the history of Romanian history to gain momentum.
An important influence on Romanian dance-pop was house music , which gained so much following in clubs that, thanks to radio stations such as Pro FM, has attained mainstream status. Minimal house in the vein of Ricardo Villalobos has and is being produced by DJs such as Petre Inspirescu , but vocal-based house continues to have more success. As of recently, dubstep has emerged alongside house music, although currently still underground.
Pre underground bands include the new-wave band Rodion G. First electronic music attempts belong to composer Adrian Enescu. There are also other niches such as punk rock E. Haos, Terror Art or post-rock Valerinne.
How an unwieldy romantic poem and a Romanian folk song combined to produce ‘Hatikva’
Trip hop and post-rock have influenced a few bands such as Margento , but dream pop , shoegaze and other niche genres are poorly represented. The producer Minus has attempted to introduce bitpop and, more recently, chillwave. Dubstep DJs have started to emerge, though with the genre has also been associated the band R.
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Program and biographical notes in Romanian with French and English translations 28 p. Jacket notes by Mariana Kahane in Romanian and English. Maria Tanase is loved in Romania like no singer that has followed her. Even before the Second World War she performed folk songs, tangos, romances, couplets and cantece de mahala, music from the suburbs, in restaurants and theatres. Tanase developed her own expressive way of interpretation making songs of every origin her Recorded in at the 6th Festival des arts traditionnels, Maison de la culture de Rennes.
Jacket notes by Mariana Dumitrescu in Rumanian and English ; with photo. Audio Recording Panpipe music and folksongs of Romania. Jacket notes by Harry Brauner in Rumanian with French summary ; with photo.
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Vocal works sung in Romanian. Various performers; field recordings by Laurent Aubert and others. Recorded May and July by Laurent Aubert.
Program notes in French and English and lyrics with French and English translations 27 p. Sung and played by native musicians.