Estudos galego-brasileiros 2 (Galician Edition)

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Articles

  1. Abriu: Textuality Studies on Brazil, Galicia and Portugal
  2. Galician-Portuguese
  3. Tato, Laura [WorldCat Identities]

King Dinis of Portugal , who also contributed with extant texts, more than any other author to the secular poetic genres, made the language official in Portugal in Until then, Latin had been the official written language for royal documents; the spoken language did not have a name and was simply known as lingua vulgar "ordinary language", that is Vulgar Latin until it was named "Portuguese" in King Dinis' reign.

Compared to the differences in Ancient Greek dialects, the alleged differences between 13th-century Portuguese and Galician are trivial. As a result of political division, Galician-Portuguese lost its unity when the County of Portugal separated from the Kingdom of Galicia in a dependent kingdom of Leon to establish the Kingdom of Portugal. The Galician and Portuguese versions of the language then diverged over time as they followed independent evolutionary paths. Meanwhile, Galician was influenced by the neighboring Leonese language, especially during the time of kingdoms of Leon and Leon-Castile, and in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries it has been influenced by Castilian.

The Story of Jesus - Galician / Galego / Gallego Language (Spain, Portugal)

Two cities at the time of separation, Braga and Porto , were within the County of Portugal and have remained within Portugal. Galician was preserved in Galicia in the modern era because those who spoke it were the majority rural or "uneducated" population living in the villages and towns, and Castilian was taught as the "correct" language to the bilingual educated elite in the cities.

Abriu: Textuality Studies on Brazil, Galicia and Portugal

Because until comparatively recently most Galicians lived in many small towns and villages in a remote and mountainous land, the language changed very slowly and was only very slightly influenced from outside the region. Modern Galician was only officially recognized by the Second Spanish Republic in the s as a co-official language with Castilian within Galicia. The recognition was revoked by the regime of Francisco Franco but was restored after his death.

The linguistic classification of Galician and Portuguese is still discussed today. There are those among Galician independence groups who demand their reunification as well as Portuguese and Galician philologists who argue that both are dialects of a common language rather than two separate ones.

The Fala language , spoken in a small region of the Spanish autonomous community of Extremadura , underwent a similar development as Galician. Galician is the regional language of Galicia sharing co-officiality with Spanish , and it is spoken by the majority of its population. Portuguese continues to grow and, today, is the sixth most spoken language in the world. Later in the history of Portuguese, all the affricate sibilants became fricatives, with the apico-alveolar and lamino-alveolar sibilants remaining distinct for a time but eventually merging in most dialects.

Galician-Portuguese

See History of Portuguese for more information. There has been a sharing of folklore in the Galician-Portuguese region going back to prehistoric times. As the Galician-Portuguese language spread south with the Reconquista , supplanting Mozarabic, this ancient sharing of folklore intensified. In the governments of Portugal and Spain jointly proposed that Galician-Portuguese oral traditions be made part of the Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

The work of documenting and transmitting that common culture involves several universities and other organizations. Galician-Portuguese folklore is rich in oral traditions. These include the cantigas ao desafio or regueifas , duels of improvised songs, many legends, stories, poems, romances, folk songs, sayings and riddles, and ways of speech that still retain a lexical, phonetic, morphological and syntactic similarity. Also part of the common heritage of oral traditions are the markets and festivals of patron saints and processions, religious celebrations such as the magosto, entroido or Corpus Christi , with ancient dances and tradition — like the one where Coca the dragon fights with Saint George ; and also traditional clothing and adornments, crafts and skills, work-tools, carved vegetable lanterns, superstitions, traditional knowledge about plants and animals.

All these are part of a common heritage considered in danger of extinction as the traditional way of living is replaced by modern life, and the jargon of fisherman, the names of tools in traditional crafts, and the oral traditions which form part of celebrations are slowly forgotten. A Galician-Portuguese "baixo-limiao" lect is spoken in several villages. In Galicia it is spoken in Entrimo and Lobios and in northern Portugal in Terras de Bouro lands of the Buri and Castro Laboreiro including the mountain town county seat of Soajo and surrounding villages. Manuscripts containing Galician-Portuguese 'secular' lyric cited from Cohen [see below under critical editions ]:.

On the biography and chronology of the poets and the courts they frequented, the relation of these matters to the internal structure of the manuscript tradition, and myriad relevant questions in the field, please see:. A recent work centered on Galician containing information on medieval Galician-Portuguese is:. Colibri, , pp. Later, all the affricate sibilants became fricatives, with the apico-alveolar and lamino-alveolar sibilants remaining distinct for a time but eventually merging in most dialects.

See History of Portuguese for more information. There has been a sharing of folklore in the Galician-Portuguese region going back to prehistoric times. As the Galician-Portuguese language spread south with the Reconquista , supplanting Mozarabic, this ancient sharing of folklore intensified. In the governments of Portugal and Spain jointly proposed that Galician-Portuguese oral traditions be made part of the Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

The work of documenting and transmitting that common culture involves several universities and other organizations. Galician-Portuguese folklore is rich in oral traditions. These include the cantigas ao desafio or regueifas , duels of improvised songs, many legends, stories, poems, romances, folk songs, sayings and riddles, and ways of speech that still retain a lexical, phonetic, morphological and syntactic similarity.

Also part of the common heritage of oral traditions are the markets and festivals of patron saints and processions, religious celebrations such as the magosto, entroido or Corpus Christi , with ancient dances and tradition — like the one where Coca the dragon fights with Saint George ; and also traditional clothing and adornments, crafts and skills, work-tools, carved vegetable lanterns, superstitions, traditional knowledge about plants and animals.

All these are part of a common heritage considered in danger of extinction as the traditional way of living is replaced by modern life, and the jargon of fisherman, the names of tools in traditional crafts, and the oral traditions which form part of celebrations are slowly forgotten. A Galician-Portuguese "baixo-limiao" lect is spoken in several villages.

Tato, Laura [WorldCat Identities]

In Galicia it is spoken in Entrimo and Lobios and in northern Portugal in Terras de Bouro lands of the Buri and Castro Laboreiro including the mountain town county seat of Soajo and surrounding villages. Manuscripts containing Galician-Portuguese 'secular' lyric cited from Cohen [see below under critical editions ]:. On the biography and chronology of the poets and the courts they frequented, the relation of these matters to the internal structure of the manuscript tradition, and myriad relevant questions in the field, please see:.

Colibri, , pp.


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Portuguese language and Galician language. Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies. Retrieved on 14 November A toponimia celta de Galicia. Bilingualism and the Latin language PDF. Retrieved 14 November Miguel de Lardosa, a. El diploma del Rey Silo. Asturian Cantabrian Extremaduran Leonese Mirandese.


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Central , Sardinian and Eastern. Italics indicate extinct languages Languages between parentheses are varieties of the language on their left. Retrieved from " https: Galician-Portuguese language Galician language Medieval languages. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 11 August , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Kingdom of Galicia , County of Portugal. This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help: