Assiniboin Girl

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  1. Assiniboine - Wikipedia
  2. File usage on Commons
  3. More Artworks from the Collection
  4. Before you leave...

It was really enjoyable and true to the prejudices that still exist today in some parts of America. May 06, Sofi A rated it really liked it Shelves: I really liked it!

Assiniboine - Wikipedia

Not too long, at first i wondered how the author was going to end the story without rushing it. But it was beautiful. Sad sometimes, cheerful in other ways. I love discovering new authors with the ebooks system. Aug 11, Bosley rated it it was amazing. Excellent story of a girl coming to terms with herself, and her heritage. Jul 09, Robby rated it it was amazing. Jan 06, Misty Baker rated it liked it. After being slammed last Friday with book request Thank-you BookChatter I decided that if I was going to get anything accomplished I was going to have to devise a plan.

So… welcome to Indie Week, where I will explore the wide variety of Indie works I have been emailed and tell you what to scoop up and what to dump. I am a very v After being slammed last Friday with book request Thank-you BookChatter I decided that if I was going to get anything accomplished I was going to have to devise a plan.


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I am a very visual person and the 1st thing that threw me off was the cover art. To me it screamed Clip Art basics and as a result my expectations for the novel were instantly dwindled. I think it is VERY important for authors to understand that the visual appearance of their books is one of the MOST important things to consider when finalizing its publication. For anyone who spends time walking through book stores, perusing their local library, or even surfing the Amazon wave, you know that the 1st thing to draw a readers attention is the look of the binding.

Now, all of that being said, I did take a chance more because Kathi was nice than anything else and I was happy when the novel turned out to be more than just a heritage lesson.

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I will give her credit for teaching me the Sioux culture in a charming way, and more than anything… I see loads of potential for future works. If you can find it… pick it up and give it a try, if nothing else you may learn how to build a sweat lodge. Happy reading my fellow Kindle-ites and remember: Independent Authors need love too. Amberleigh Wallace rated it it was amazing Feb 25, Stacie rated it liked it Jun 28, Lauri rated it liked it Apr 17, Angela marked it as to-read Aug 20, Michael Stewart added it Sep 23, CaliGirlRae marked it as to-read Jan 26, This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus years or less.

You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.

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File File history File usage on Commons Size of this preview: Description Dacota woman and Assiniboin girl v. This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: The English adopted Assiniboine, used by the Canadian French colonists. It was a transliteration into French phonetics of what they heard the Ojibwe use as a term for these western people. The Ojibwe name was asinii-bwaan stone Sioux. Early French traders in the west were often familiar with Algonquian languages.

They transliterated many Cree or Ojibwe exonyms for other western Canadian indigenous peoples during the early colonial era. The English referred to the Assiniboine by adopting terms from the French spelled using English phonetics. Other tribes associated "stone" with the Assiniboine because they primarily cooked with heated stones. They dropped hot stones into water to heat it to boiling for cooking meat. Some writers believed that the name was derived from the Ojibway term Assin, stone, and the French bouillir, to boil, but such an etymology is very unlikely.

In the early 21st century, about people speak the language [1] and most are more than 40 years old. The majority of the Assiniboine today speak only American English. The census showed 3, tribal members who lived in the United States. Assiniboine are closely linked by language to the Stoney First Nations people of Alberta. The latter two tribes speak varieties of Nakota , a distant, but not mutually intelligible, variant of the Sioux language. The Assiniboine, along with the Stoney of Alberta, share a common ancestry with the Sioux nation. While it was formerly believed that the Assiniboine originated among the Yanktonai division of the Dakota Sioux, linguistic analysis indicates that the Assiniboine and Stoney together form a group coordinate with that of the Santee, Lakota, and Yankon-Yanktonai, and that they are no more related to one of these subdivisions than another.

The separation of the Assiniboine from the Sioux must have occurred at some time prior to , as Paul Le Jeune names them along with the "Naduessi" Sioux in his Jesuit Relations of that year. The Assiniboine and Sioux were both gradually pushed westward onto the plains from the woodlands of Minnesota by the Ojibwe , who had acquired firearms from their French allies. Later, the Assiniboine acquired horses via raiding and trading with neighboring tribes of Plains Indians such as the Crow and the Sioux on their south. The Assiniboine eventually developed into a large and powerful people with a horse and warrior culture; they used the horse to hunt the vast numbers of bison that lived within and outside their territory.

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At the height of their power, the Assiniboine dominated territory ranging from the North Saskatchewan River in the north to the Missouri River in the south, and including portions of modern-day Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Manitoba, Canada; and North Dakota and Montana, United States of America. The first person of European descent to describe the Assiniboine was an employee of the Hudson's Bay Company named Henry Kelsey in the s.

The Assiniboine became reliable and important trading partners and middlemen for fur traders and other Indians, particularly the British Hudson's Bay Company and North West Company , operating in western Canada in a vast area known then as Rupert's Land.

During the later 18th century and early 19th century, south of the border in what became Montana and the Dakota territories, the Assiniboine traded with the American Fur Company and the competing Rocky Mountain Fur Company. The Assiniboine obtained guns, ammunition, metal tomahawks, metal pots, wool blankets, wool coats, wool leggings, and glass beads, as well as other goods from the fur traders in exchange for furs.


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Beaver furs and bison hides were the most commonly traded furs. Increased contact with Europeans resulted in Native Americans contracting Eurasian infectious diseases that were endemic among the Europeans. They suffered epidemics with high mortality, most notably smallpox among the Assiniboine. The Assiniboine population crashed from around 10, people in the late 18th century to around by The expedition's journals mention the Assiniboine, whom the party heard about while returning from Fort Clatsop down the Missouri River. These explorers did not encounter or come in direct contact with the tribe.

Noted European and American painters traveled with traders, explorers, and expeditions for the opportunity to paint the West and its Native American peoples. The Assiniboine signed the Treaty of Fort Laramie In , a group of Sioux warriors, including Sitting Bull , attacked a party of Assiniboine people.