Hartlepool Through Time
He is the author of over fifty books on a wide range of subjects, including histories of northern places, social histories of tea and of chocolate, a history of confectionery in Yorkshire and various aspects of classical literature and Roman history. Covering events from the twelfth century through to today, it provides a history of life here through the years with informative captions linking the old and the new. Featuring factories, streets, houses, shops, schools and churches, and Amberley Publishing Limited Bolero Ozon.
Paul Chrystal , Simon Crossley. He spent the last few years of his life in London, far away from the town he had created. In the two towns had a combined population of 64, By the two Hartlepools were, together, one of the three busiest ports in England. The modern town represents a joining together of "Old Hartlepool", locally known as the "Headland", and West Hartlepool.
As already mentioned, what was West Hartlepool became the larger town and both were formally unified in Today the term "West Hartlepool" is rarely heard outside the context of sport, but one of the town's Rugby Union teams still proudly retains the name See Sports below. The name of the town's professional football club reflected both boroughs; when it was formed in , following the success of West Hartlepool in winning the FA Amateur Cup in , it was called "Hartlepools United" in the hope of attracting support from both towns.
When the boroughs combined in the club renamed itself "Hartlepool" before re-renaming itself Hartlepool United in the s. Many fans of the club still refer to the team as "Pools".
The area became heavily industrialised with an ironworks established and shipyards in the docks established in the s. By , no fewer than 43 ship-owning companies were located in the town, with responsibility for ships. This made it a key target for Germany in the First World War. Hartlepool was hit with a total of shells, killing people.
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Two coastal defence batteries at Hartlepool returned fire, launching shells, and damaging three German ships: The Hartlepool engagement lasted roughly 50 minutes, and the coastal artillery defence was supported by the Royal Navy in the form of four destroyers, two light cruisers and a submarine, none of which had any significant impact on the German attackers. Private Theophilus Jones of the 18th Battalion Durham Light Infantry , who fell as a result of this bombardment, is sometimes described as the first military casualty on British soil by enemy fire.
A living history group, the Hartlepool Military Heritage Memorial Society, portray men of that unit for educational and memorial purposes. Hartlepudlians voluntarily subscribed more money per head to the war effort than any other town in Britain. Hartlepool suffered badly in the Great Depression of the s and endured high unemployment until the start of the Second World War , during which its shipbuilding and steel-making industries enjoyed a renaissance.
Most of its output for the war effort were " Empire Ships ".
German bombers raided the town 43 times, though, compared to the previous war, civilian losses were lighter with 26 deaths recorded by Hartlepool Municipal Borough  and 49 by West Hartlepool Borough. After the war, both industries went into a severe decline. Blanchland , the last ship to be constructed in Hartlepool, left the slips in I would live near Hartlepool. If I had the luck". Before the shopping centre was opened, the old town centre was located around Lynn Street, but most of the shops and the market had moved to a new shopping centre by Most of Lynn Street had by then been demolished to make way for a new housing estate.
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Only the north end of the street remains, now called Lynn Street North. In the British Steel Corporation announced the closure of its Hartlepool steelworks with the loss of jobs.
After boundary changes introduced in , Hartlepool is now divided into eleven electoral wards, each of which elect three councillors who make up the 33 councillors of the Borough Council. Hartlepool is represented in the House of Commons by one Member of Parliament. He was first elected at the general election , with an Mandelson, the MP between and , resigned to take up a role in the European Commission. Hartlepool falls within the jurisdiction of Cleveland Police. Before , it was under the jurisdiction of the Durham Constabulary.
Hartlepool is covered by the Cleveland Fire Brigade which has two stations in Hartlepool: Hartlepool has five secondary schools: The town had planned to receive funding from central government to improve school buildings and facilities as a part of the Building Schools for the Future programme, but this was cancelled because of government spending cuts. Hartlepool College of Further Education is an educational establishment located in the centre of the town, and existed in various forms for well over a century. The recently demolished campus was built in the s. Hartlepool also has its own specialist sixth form college, Hartlepool Sixth Form College.
A former grammar and comprehensive school, the college provides a number of AS and A2 Level courses for students across the town. The College has a further site in Middlesbrough that facilitates Further Education. Hartlepool's economy has historically been linked with the maritime industry, something which is still at the heart of local business.
Hartlepool Dock is owned and run by PD Ports. It is the single largest employer in the town, employing 1 per cent of the town's working age people. The chemicals industry is important to the local economy. Companies include Huntsman Corporation , who produce titanium dioxide for use in paints, Omya , Baker Hughes and Frutarom. Camerons Brewery was founded in and currently employs around 85 people. Following a series of take-overs, it came under the control of the Castle Eden Brewery in who merged the two breweries, closing down the Castle Eden plant. The brewery is heavily engaged in contract brewing such beers as Kronenbourg , John Smith's and Foster's.
Orchid Drinks of Hartlepool were formed in after a management buy out of the soft drinks arm of Camerons. Middleton Grange Shopping Centre is the main shopping location. Companies that have moved operations to the town for the offshore wind farm include Siemens and Van Oord. Hartlepool is served by two primary routes which are the A road and the A road , both linking the town to the A19 road. The A road is the main road to the north-west which leads to the A19 road , Durham , Sunderland and Tyneside.
Hartlepool is served by Hartlepool and Seaton Carew railway stations, both of which lie on the Durham Coast Line with hourly services to Sunderland , Newcastle and Middlesbrough , which are operated by Northern. The service marks the first time since the s  that Hartlepool has had a direct rail link with London which takes around three and a half hours.
Local bus services are provided around the town mainly by Stagecoach North East. Stagecoach also operate service 36 from Hartlepool to Billingham , Stockton and Middlesbrough , as well as the faster service 1 to Middlesbrough via Seaton Carew and Port Clarence. Hartlepool has been a major seaport virtually since it was founded, and has a long fishing heritage. During the industrial revolution massive new docks were created on the southern side of the channel running below the Headland, which gave rise to the town of West Hartlepool. Now owned by PD Ports , the docks are still in use today and still capable of handling large vessels.
However, a large portion of the former dockland was converted into marina, capable of berthing vessels. Hartlepool Marina is home to a wide variety of pleasure and working craft, with passage to and from the sea through a lock.
Step back in time: How many of these Hartlepool stories from 1988 do you remember?
Hartlepool also has a permanent RNLI lifeboat station. Hartlepool has an oceanic climate typical of Great Britain. Hartlepool United is the town's professional football club and they play at Victoria Park, Hartlepool. They won promotion to League One for the —08 season. In their first season back in League One , after a brief absence, they finished 15th. In December , the club parted company with manager Danny Wilson. The club's most famous day was in when, with just 8 minutes left in the Football League One play-off Final , the team gave away a penalty, allowing Sheffield Wednesday to equalise and eventually beat Hartlepool to a place in the Championship.
Supporters of the club bear the nickname of Monkey Hangers. This is based upon a legend that during the Napoleonic wars a monkey, which had been a ship's mascot, was taken for a French spy and hanged. Hartlepool has also produced the nationally famous football presenter Jeff Stelling , who has a renowned partnership with Chris Kamara who was born in nearby Middlesbrough.
In the mids, West played in what is now the Guinness Premiership. West were then hit by bankruptcy and controversially sold their Brierton Lane stadium. There then followed a succession of relegations as professional players left the club. The club continued to support town and County rugby with all of the towns other clubs playing at Grayfields when their own pitches were unavailable. In TECH once again started to field a team on a regular basis with the side competing in the Tees Valley leagues.
She was defeated by Marina Volnova of Kazakhstan in her opening, quarter-final bout. She finished sixth in the metre butterfly final with a time of She was also a member of the eighth-place British team in the m Medley relay.
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Hartlepool greeted the ships, which sailed from Kristiansand in Norway on the second and final leg of the race. Hartlepool is famous for allegedly executing a monkey during the Napoleonic Wars. The fishermen assumed that this must be what Frenchmen looked like and, after a brief trial, summarily executed the monkey. Historians have pointed to the prior existence of a Scottish folk song called "And the Boddamers hung the Monkey-O".
It describes how a monkey survived a shipwreck off the village of Boddam near Peterhead in Aberdeenshire. Because the villagers could only claim salvage rights if there were no survivors from the wreck, they allegedly hanged the monkey. There is also an English folk song detailing the later event called, appropriately enough, "The Hartlepool Monkey".
In the English version the monkey is hanged as a French spy. The mascot of Hartlepool United F. The man in the monkey costume, Stuart Drummond , stood for the post of mayor in as H'angus the monkey, and campaigned on a platform which included free bananas for schoolchildren.
The monkey legend is also linked with two of the town's sports clubs, Hartlepool Rovers RFC, which uses the hanging monkey as the club logo. On tours it would hang a monkey on the posts of the rugby pitch to spread the story. Hartlepool is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the town. For the district, see Borough of Hartlepool. For the constituency, see Hartlepool UK Parliament constituency. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.