A History Of Dagnall Village

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Contents

  1. Dagnall village Gade Valley Hertfordshire August Stock Photo: - Alamy
  2. Edlesborough Parish Council
  3. Focus Magazine
  4. Search stock photos by tags

Black bin-liners are located in the drawers and washing-up bowls are in the cupboard below the sink. The switch for the fan is located in the corridor between the kitchen and back room and is clearly labelled. We hope that the facilities available will meet with your approval and that you will want to use Dagnall Village Hall in the future. We would appreciate your assistance in maintaining the cleanliness of the hall for all users and request that you leave the hall in a condition which is as clean and tidy as you would wish to find it.

Please inform the Booking Officer if anybody suffers an injury whilst on Village Hall premises, in order that we can make a report as required by the Health and Safety Executive. Monday to Friday — up to 1am, Saturday — up to midnight, Sunday — up to Maximum capacity of the hall is persons.

Dagnall village Gade Valley Hertfordshire August Stock Photo: - Alamy

Please note that smoking is not allowed in the hall. Tables and Chairs Tables and chairs are stored in the back room. Heating Please let the Booking Secretary know if you would like the heating on. Kitchen The kitchen is equipped with an oven, a small fridge, a microwave, a hot—water urn and kettle. Before leaving the hall please ensure that you carry out the following: Put rubbish in the black bin liners provided and place in the wheelie-bin outside.

Wipe tables clean and restack tables and chairs. A number of films and television shows have been filmed around Dagnall, including First Knight and Dinotopia. There have been many developments within the village over the last few years, the most notable being the building of a children's play area and a running track around the recreation ground which is located towards the north of the village. There are also plans for the village hall to be extended within the near future. More recently, red kites have been observed in increasing numbers and have become a common sight in the village.

Buckinghamshire — Development in this region is restricted by the Metropolitan Green Belt. Other large settlements include the county town of Aylesbury, Marlow in the south near the Thames and Princes Risborough in the west near Oxford. Some areas without rail links to London, such as around the old county town of Buckingham. The largest town is Milton Keynes in the northeast, which with the area is administered as a unitary authority separately to the rest of Buckinghamshire.

Edlesborough Parish Council

The remainder of the county is administered by Buckinghamshire County Council as a non-metropolitan county, in national elections, Buckinghamshire is considered a reliable supporter of the Conservative Party. A large part of the Chiltern Hills, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, runs through the south of the county and attracts many walkers, in this area older buildings are often made from local flint and red brick.

Chequers, an estate owned by the government, is the country retreat of the incumbent Prime Minister. Notable service amenities in the county are Pinewood Film Studios, Dorney rowing lake, many national companies have offices in Milton Keynes. Heavy industry and quarrying is limited, with agriculture predominating after service industries, the name Buckinghamshire is Anglo-Saxon in origin and means The district of Buccas home. Buccas home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, the county has been so named since about the 12th century, however, the county has existed since it was a subdivision of the kingdom of Mercia.

Historically, the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, Buckinghamshire is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence, however, some pockets of relative deprivation remain. As a result, most county institutions are now based in the south of the county or Milton Keynes, the county can be split into two sections geographically. The county includes parts of two of the four longest rivers in England, the River Thames forms the southern boundary with Berkshire, which has crept over the border at Eton and Slough so that the river is no longer the sole boundary between the two counties.

The canal has been incorporated into the landscaping of Milton Keynes, the southern part of the county is dominated by the Chiltern Hills. The two highest points in Buckinghamshire are Haddington Hill in Wendover Woods at metres above sea level, quarrying has taken place for chalk, clay for brickmaking and gravel and sand in the river valleys. Flint, also extracted from quarries, was used to build older local buildings.

It is often called British National Grid, the Ordnance Survey devised the national grid reference system, and it is heavily used in their survey data, and in maps based on those surveys. Grid references are commonly quoted in other publications and data sources. The Universal Transverse Mercator coordinate system is used to provide references for worldwide locations. European-wide agencies also use UTM when mapping locations, or may use the Military Grid Reference System system, the grid is based on the OSGB36 datum, and was introduced after the retriangulation of — It replaced the previously used Cassini Grid which, up to the end of World War Two, had issued only to the military.

Over the Airy ellipsoid a straight grid, the National Grid, is placed with a new false origin.

This false origin is located south-west of the Isles of Scilly, the distortion created between the OS grid and the projection is countered by a scale factor in the longitude to create two lines of longitude with zero distortion rather than one. OSGB36 was also used by Admiralty nautical charts until after which WGS84 has been used, a geodetic transformation between OSGB36 and other terrestrial reference systems can become quite tedious if attempted manually.

This models the detailed distortions in the — retriangulation, and achieves backwards compatibility in grid coordinates to sub-metre accuracy, the difference between the coordinates on different datums varies from place to place. For the first letter, the grid is divided into squares of size km by km, there are four of these which contain significant land area within Great Britain, S, T, N and H. The O square contains an area of North Yorkshire, almost all of which lies below mean high tide. Civil parish — In England, a civil parish is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority.

Focus Magazine

It is a parish, in contrast to an ecclesiastical parish. A civil parish can range in size from a town with a population of around 80, to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants. In a limited number of cases a parish might include a city where city status has been granted by the Monarch. Reflecting this diverse nature, a parish may be known as a town, village. On 1 April , Queens Park became the first civil parish in Greater London, before their creation was not permitted within a London borough.

The division of land into ancient parishes was linked to the system, parishes. The manor was the unit of local administration and justice in the early rural economy. Later the church replaced the court as the rural administrative centre. After the dissolution of the monasteries, the power to levy a rate to fund relief of the poor was conferred on the authorities by the Act for the Relief of the Poor Both before and after this optional social change, local charities are well-documented, the parish authorities were known as vestries and consisted of all the ratepayers of the parish.

As the number of ratepayers of some parishes grew, it increasingly difficult to convene meetings as an open vestry. In some, mostly built up, areas the select vestry took over responsibility from the body of ratepayers. This innovation improved efficiency, but allowed governance by a self-perpetuating elite, by the 18th century, religious membership was becoming more fractured in some places, due for instance to the progress of Methodism.

The legitimacy of the parish came into question and the perceived inefficiency. Sanitary districts covered England in and Ireland three years later, the replacement boards were each entitled to levy their own rate in the parish. The church rate ceased to be levied in many parishes and became voluntary from , the ancient parishes diverged into two distinct systems of parishes during the 19th century. Edlesborough — Edlesborough is a village in the civil parish of Edlesborough Northall and Dagnall, in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England.

Edlesborough is also next to the village of Eaton Bray just over the county boundary in Bedfordshire, the village toponym is derived from the Old English for Eadwulfs barrow. The Domesday Book of records it as Eddinberge, the Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin is built on top of a barrow and is a local landmark. In the ecclesiastical parish merged with that of Eaton Bray, St Marys was made redundant, the earliest parts of the church date from the 13th century. A chantry was added in and the tower in , the closeness of these construction dates indicates how rich Edlesborough parish was at the time.

Much of the church was altered in the 15th century, including the chantry, on 28 March the tower was struck by lightning, setting it on fire. The lead of the roof melted, and the lead set fire to everything it struck. Villagers fought the fire, which burnt for 12 hours until it was extinguished, the 15th-century rood screen, pulpit with tester and timber roofs are all notable.

Adbhut Bharat: The story of Malana Village, Himachal Pradesh

In the 15th century six misericords were added to the choir stalls and these include carvings of a bat, a dragon and a mermaid. The misericord of the dragon also has some frog carvings for its supporters, a more modern addition is an Arts and Crafts movement 2-light stained glass window on the theme of the Nativity by M.

The village was once a centre for the straw plait industry, RAF Edlesborough was a radio station near Dagnall. Edlesborough School is a community primary school and it serves the 4—11 age range and has about pupils. The nearest secondary school is The Cottesloe School in Wing, the village green has two football pitches, one enclosed tennis court and a cricket square. There is a playing area for children. Archives of the Incorporated Church Building Society, archived from the original on 13 December Districts of England — The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government.

As the structure of government in England is not uniform. Some districts are styled as boroughs, cities, or royal boroughs, these are purely honorific titles, prior to the establishment of districts in the s, the basic unit of local government in England was the parish overseen by the parish church vestry committee.


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  • Dagnall village Gade Valley Hertfordshire August?

Vestries dealt with the administraction of both parochial and secular governmental matters, parishes were the successors of the manorial system and historically had been grouped into hundreds. Hundreds once exercised some supervising administrative function, however, these powers ebbed away as more and more civic and judicial powers were centred on county towns.

From these parishes were grouped into Poor Law Unions, creating areas for administration of the Poor Law and these areas were later used for census registration and as the basis for sanitary provision. In , based on these earlier subdivisions, the Local Government Act created urban districts and rural districts as sub-divisions of administrative counties, another reform in created 28 metropolitan boroughs as sub-divisions of the County of London. Meanwhile, from this date parish-level local government administration was transferred to civil parishes, the setting-down of the current structure of districts in England began in , when Greater London and its 32 London boroughs were created.

They are the oldest type of still in use. In , metropolitan counties and non-metropolitan counties were created across the rest of England and were split into metropolitan districts, in London power is now shared again, albeit on a different basis, with the Greater London Authority. During the s a further kind of district was created, the unitary authority, metropolitan boroughs are a subdivision of a metropolitan county.

These are similar to unitary authorities, as the county councils were abolished in Most of the powers of the county councils were devolved to the districts but some services are run by joint boards, the districts typically have populations of , to 1. Non-metropolitan districts are second-tier authorities, which share power with county councils and they are subdivisions of shire counties and the most common type of district.

These districts typically have populations of 25, to ,, the number of non-metropolitan districts has varied over time. Initially there were , after the creation of unitary authorities in the s and late s and these are single-tier districts which are responsible for running all local services in their areas, combining both county and district functions.

They were created in the out of non-metropolitan districts, and often cover large towns. In addition, some of the smaller such as Rutland, Herefordshire. Aylesbury Vale — The Aylesbury Vale is a large area of gently rolling agricultural landscape located in the northern half of Buckinghamshire, England. Its boundary is marked by Milton Keynes to the north, Leighton Buzzard, the vale is named after Aylesbury, the county town of Buckinghamshire. Two other towns lie within the vale and they are Winslow, the bed of the vale is largely made up of clay that was formed at the end of the ice age.

Also at this time the vast underground reserves of water make the water table in the Vale of Aylesbury higher than average, were created. In the UK census the population of Aylesbury Vale was ,, about half of those live in the county town Aylesbury. Aylesbury Vale is a government district of northern Buckinghamshire, administered by a district council. The district offices are based in Aylesbury, the district councils logo includes the historical figure of John Hampden.

There are civil parishes,84 with a parish council, elections to the district council take place every 4 years, with 59 councillors being elected from 36 wards. Since winning a majority at the election the Conservative party has control of the council. Major roads include the A41, A and A which all meet at Aylesbury, the A passes through the north of the district providing connections to Milton Keynes, Bedford and the M1 to the east, and the M40 and Oxford and Birmingham to the west.

For its size, the district contains relatively few railway stations, at Aylesbury there are connecting services to Princes Risborough station. In addition, the West Coast and Chiltern main lines pass through the district, each having a station within the district. The district has a number of buildings and landscapes which are popular tourist attractions. Regions of England — The regions are the highest tier of sub-national division in England. Between and , nine regions had officially devolved functions within Government, while they no longer fulfil this role, they continue to be used for statistical and some administrative purposes.

They define areas for the purposes of elections to the European Parliament, Eurostat also uses them to demarcate first level Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics regions within the European Union. The regions generally follow the boundaries of the former standard regions, the London region has a directly elected Mayor and Assembly. Six regions have local authority leaders boards to assist with correlating the headline policies of local authorities, the remaining two regions no longer have any administrative functions, having abolished their regional local authority leaders boards.

In , regional chambers were established in the eight regions outside of London, the regions also had an associated Government Office with some responsibility for coordinating policy, and, from , a part-time regional minister within the Government. House of Commons regional Select Committees were established in , Regional ministers were not reappointed by the incoming Coalition Government, and the Government Offices were abolished in Regional development agencies were public bodies established in all nine regions in to promote economic development and they had certain delegated functions, including administering European Union regional development funds, and received funding the central government as well.

After about AD, England comprised seven Anglo-Saxon territories — Northumbria, Mercia, East Anglia, Essex, Kent, the boundaries of some of these, which later unified as the Kingdom of England, roughly coincide with those of modern regions. During Oliver Cromwells Protectorate in the s, the rule of the Major-Generals created 10 regions in England, proposals for administrative regions within England were mooted by the British government prior to the First World War. In the Third Home Rule Bill was passing through parliament, the Bill was expected to introduce a devolved parliament for Ireland, and as a consequence calls were made for similar structures to be introduced in Great Britain or Home Rule All Round.

While the creation of regional parliaments never became official policy, it was for a widely anticipated. In nine standard regions were set up, in central government bodies, statutory undertakings. However, these had declined in importance by the late s, creation of some form of provinces or regions for England was an intermittent theme of post-Second World War British governments. The Redcliffe-Maud Report proposed the creation of eight provinces in England, one-fifth of the advisory councils would be nominees from central government. The boundaries suggested were the eight now existing for economic planning purposes, a minority report by Lord Crowther-Hunt and Alan T.

Peacock suggested instead seven regional assemblies and governments within Great Britain, some elements of regional development and economic planning began to be established in England from the mids onwards. It consists of Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Hampshire, as with the other regions of England, apart from Greater London, the south east has no elected government.

Its proximity to London and connections to several national motorways have led to south east England becoming an economic hub and it is the location of Gatwick Airport, the UKs second-busiest airport, and its coastline along the English Channel provides numerous ferry crossings to mainland Europe. The region is known for its countryside, which includes the North Downs, the River Thames flows through the region and its basin is known as the Thames Valley.

The region has many universities, the University of Oxford is ranked among the best in the world. The dominant influence on the economy is neighbouring London. The highest point is Walbury Hill in Berkshire at metres, until , there was a south east Standard Statistical Region, which also included the counties of Bedfordshire, Greater London, Essex and Hertfordshire. The former south east Civil Defence Region covered the area as the current government office region.

The South East is also used as a synonym for the home counties. The South East has the highest percentage of people born outside of Britain other than London. Estimates in state The area also has some seats where there is support for other parties, for example, Slough and Oxford for Labour. Buckingham, the seat of Speaker John Bercow, is also in this region, out of 83 parliamentary seats, the Conservatives hold England, comprising the majority of the population and area of the United Kingdom, England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales are not themselves listed in the International Organization for Standardization list of countries.

Each has separate governing bodies for sports and compete separately in many international sporting competitions. Wales was described as the country, principality, and dominion of Wales, outside Wales, England was not given a specific name or term. Use of the first three terms in other legislation is interpreted following the definitions in the Act and this definition applies from 1 April In these 8 new counties were redistributed into the current 22 unitary authorities, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are regions in their own right while England has been divided into nine regions.

The official term rest of the UK is used in Scotland, for example in export statistics and this term is also used in the context of potential Scottish independence to mean the UK without Scotland. The alternative term Home Nations is sometimes used in sporting contexts, the second, or civic group, contained the items about feeling British, respecting laws and institutions, speaking English, and having British citizenship. England — England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west, the Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest.

England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east, the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain in its centre and south, and includes over smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly, and the Isle of Wight. England became a state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the worlds first industrialised nation, Englands terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north and in the southwest, the capital is London, which is the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union.

The earliest recorded use of the term, as Engla londe, is in the ninth century translation into Old English of Bedes Ecclesiastical History of the English People. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its spelling was first used in The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars, it has been suggested that it derives from the shape of the Angeln peninsula, an angular shape.

An alternative name for England is Albion, the name Albion originally referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus, specifically the 4th century BC De Mundo, in it are two very large islands called Britannia, these are Albion and Ierne. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, the word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins.

Albion is now applied to England in a poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England, Lloegr, the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximately , years ago. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from , years ago, Modern humans are known to have inhabited the area during the Upper Paleolithic period, though permanent settlements were only established within the last 6, years.

The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland, with an area of , square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is also the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated The United Kingdom is a monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The United Kingdom consists of four countries—England, Scotland, Wales, the last three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively.

The relationships among the countries of the UK have changed over time, Wales was annexed by the Kingdom of England under the Laws in Wales Acts and These are the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the s, British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The UK is considered to have an economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index. It was the worlds first industrialised country and the worlds foremost power during the 19th, the UK remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally.

It is a nuclear weapons state and its military expenditure ranks fourth or fifth in the world. The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in and it has been a leading member state of the EU and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since However, on 23 June , a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU resulted in a decision to leave. The affluent commuter town is located in the small Bulbourne valley in the Chiltern Hills,26 miles northwest of London, Berkhamsted is a civil parish, with a town council within the larger borough of Dacorum.

People have been living in the Berkhamsted area for over 5, years, there is evidence of flint working in the Neolithic period and metal working in the late Iron Age and Roman periods. The high street is on a route known by its Saxon name Akeman Street. The earliest written reference to Berkhamsted is in AD, Berkhamsted was recorded as a burbium in the Domesday Book in The oldest known extant jettied timber-framed building in Great Britain, built , in the 13th and 14th century the town was a wool trading town, with thriving local market.

The most important event in the history was in December After the castle was abandoned in the town went into decline, modern Berkhamsted began to expand following the construction of the canal and the railway in the 19th century. Among those born in Berkhamsted was Colonel Daniel Axtell, who was the captain of the Parliamentary Guard at the trial, the towns literary connections include the 17th century hymnist and poet, William Cowper, the 18th century writer Maria Edgeworth, and the 20th century novelist Graham Greene.

The first part originates from the Old Celtic word Bearroc, meaning place, alternatively it may originate from the Old English words beorg, meaning hill, or berc or beorc. The latter part, hamsted, derives from the Old English word for homestead, Local historian Percy Birtchnell identified over 50 different spellings and epithets for the towns name since the writing of the Domesday Book, the present spelling was adopted in Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman artefacts show that the Berkhamsted area of the Bulbourne Valley has been settled for over 5, years, the discovery of a large number of worked flint chips provides Neolithic evidence of on-site flint knapping in the centre of Berkhamsted.

Several settlements dating from the Neolithic to the Iron Age have been discovered south of Berkhamsted. Three sections of a late Bronze Age to Iron Age bank and ditch, sixteen feet wide by seven to thirteen feet high, another Iron Age dyke with the same name is on Berkhamsted Common, on the north side of the valley. In the late Iron Age, prior to the Roman occupation, the Bulbourne Valley was rich in timber and iron ore.

They are alphanumeric and were adopted nationally between 11 October and , having been devised by the GPO, a full postcode is known as a postcode unit and designates an area with a number of addresses or a single major delivery point.

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The postal town refers to an area and does not relate to a specific town. The S and NE sectors were later abolished and these divisions changed little, usually only changed for operational efficiency. These continue in use in a form by An Post. In Glasgow was divided in a way to London. In January the Postmaster General approved the designation of some urban areas into numbered districts. In November the Post Office announced the introduction of numbered districts in every town in the United Kingdom large enough to justify it. Pamphlets were issued to each householder and business in ten areas notifying them of the number of the district in which their premises lay, the pamphlets included a map of the districts, and copies were made available at local head post offices.

The public were invited to include the district number in the address at the head of letters. A publicity campaign in the following year encouraged the use of the district numbers, the slogan for the campaign was For speed and certainty always use a postal district number on your letters and notepaper. A poster was fixed to every box in the affected areas bearing the number of the district.

Every post office in the district was also to display this information. For this purpose Ofcom established a telephone numbering plan, known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, since 28 April , almost all geographic numbers and most non-geographic numbers have 9 or 10 national numbers after the 0 trunk code. All mobile telephone numbers have 10 national numbers after the 0 trunk code, regions with shorter area codes, typically large cities, permit the allocation of more telephone numbers as the local number portion has more digits.

Local customer numbers are four to eight figures long, the total number of digits is ten, but in a very few areas the total may be nine digits. The code allocated to the largest population is for London, the code allocated to the largest area is for all of Northern Ireland. Possible number formats for UK telephone numbers are as follows, Number ranges starting 01 can have NSN length as 10 or 9 digits, the range can have NSN length as 10,9 or 7 digits. Geographic telephone numbers in the UK always have nine or ten digits, four-digit area codes have either six-digit subscriber numbers or a mix of five- and six-digit subscriber numbers.

Xxxxxx This is the used by most areas. It has an area code and a six digit subscriber number. These area codes were changed by adding a 1 directly after the zero as a part of PhONEday in Just short of areas use this format, and the area range from to A small number of areas also have a few subscriber numbers that have only five digits. That is, almost all area codes now have only six digit local numbers, six of the four-digit area codes are known as mixed areas as they share those four digits with the twelve five-digit area codes.

The numbers therefore have only nine digits after the initial zero trunk code and these area codes were changed by adding a 1 directly after the initial zero as a part of PhONEday in Thames Valley Police — It is one of the largest territorial police forces in England covering 2, square miles and a population of over 2. The police force consists of 4, constables, special constables, Police Community Support Officers and 2, police staff, the force was one of around twenty borough forces that amalgamated with their county police force.

The incumbent commissioner is Anthony Stansfeld, a Conservative Party candidate elected with The police and crime commissioner is scrutinised by the Thames Valley Police, Thames Valley was previously overseen by a police authority consisting of 19 members, made up of councillors, members from unitary authorities, independents and a magistrate.

Following the implementation of the Local Policing Model in April and these are coterminous with local authority boundaries. These in turn are split into a number of neighbourhoods which are coterminous with parish boundaries and this alignment is to ensure that local policing services are delivered in an accountable manner. Other functions that used to be held at Basic Command Unit level are now delivered at Force Headquarters level using a service approach. These teams consist of officers, community support, special constables and police staff who work to patrol and they use marked vans which read neighbourhood policing on the side rear panel under the Thames Valley police corporate logo.

These officers will typically be unarmed and rarely carry taser weapons, the neighbourhood police vans double up as prisoner transport vans when the larger detention van is off-area or busy. These officer are often issued with Taser weapons. These officers may be tasked to high crime areas for an increased police presence or to conduct follow up investigations. However most divisions with the exception of the Slough, South Oxfordshire and Vale, Thames Valley Police have approximately 52 operational police dogs.

They usually serve until they are 8 years old, receiving refresher training every year, Thames Valley Police patrols miles of motorways including the M1, M4, M40, A, A and M25, as well as many other A route roads including the busy A Thames Valleys Roads Policing Team typically operate a diverse array of vehicles and these may include the Volvo S70 marked vehicles, S80 unmarked and marked Mitsubishi Shogun 4x4.

Fire services in the United Kingdom — The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland. Emergency cover is provided by over fifty fire and rescue services, many FRS were previously known as brigades or county fire services, but almost all now use the standard terminology.

They are distinct from and governed by an authority, which is the legislative, public and administrative body. Fire authorities in England and Wales, and therefore fire and rescue services, Scotland and Northern Ireland have centralised fire and rescue services, and so their authorities are effectively committees of the devolved parliaments. Now repealed entirely in England and Wales by Schedule 2 of the Fire,, Fire Services Act This Act amended the Act, it dealt with pensions, staffing arrangements and provision of services by other authorities.

In , there was a series of fire strikes.