Die Spaziergänge in den Gärten der Frau NoLe´ (German Edition)

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  1. The End and the Beginning
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  4. The poetry corner - Vol. 5 - Chat room: English ⇔ German Forums - www.anuariopqn.com.br

The Beatles Der Jahreszeit entsprechend hat sich hier ein gewisse Stimmung breit gemacht. Ja, ich habe wesentlich dazu beigetragen. Ich freue mich sehr auf einen Schwenk hin zu einem angriffs lustigen, witzigen und frechen Ton. Aber nur kein Zwang dabei! Soweit ich sehen kann, ist Victorian Poetry nicht unbedingt die geeignete Epoche. Comment Claus, das ist nun mal so, denn: Ich steige hinein In zirka zwei Kubikmeter See. Wenn ich sage nein, sollte das meine Wahl sein, eine freie Entscheidung, wie ihr sie erlebt.

Vielleicht bin ich ja sowieso einer von euch, einer wie ihr, und habe es nur nicht erkannt. Sollte ich euch wissen lassen, wie sehr ihr mich nervt? Ist das der Level, den andere einfach wegstecken? Auf die Gefahr hin, dass alles kaputt geht. Aber es ist schon alles kaputt. Oder stelle ich mir das nur vor? Der Bauch sagt nein, der Kopf will die Gelegenheit wahrnehmen. Kann sein, dass ihr meine Gedanken lest, die gelegentlich abbrechen.

Ich sehe, wie ich die Treppe heraufgehe. Da geht jemand die Treppe herauf. Noch habt ihr mich nicht. Sollte das alles nur in meinem Kopf sein: Karl Kraus - Sturmnacht Das ist eine Nacht! Das Meer, es rauscht nicht mehr, es rollt.. Das ist eine Nacht! Comment Brother and Sister "Sister, sister, go to bed!

Go and rest your weary head. I'd make you into mutton broth As easily as kill a moth" The sister raised her beaming eye And looked on him indignantly And sternly answered, "Only try! I wish to make an Irish stew. Never stew your sister. Gemeinde, Kirchengemeinde to chafe: Comment Aus einem befreundeten Faden, kontinental. Theodor Fontane - Comment La Mer A white mist drifts across the shrouds, A wild moon in this wintry sky Gleams like an angry lion's eye Out of a mane of tawny clouds. The muffled steersman at the wheel Is but a shadow in the gloom; - And in the throbbing engine-room Leap the long rods of polished steel.

The End and the Beginning

The shattered storm has left its trace Upon this huge and heaving dome, For the thin threads of yellow foam Float on the waves like ravelled lace. Oscar Wilde — From: Comment Entscheidung Entscheidungen fallen stumm. Was unsre Seelen sich lange verhehlt, Da ists uns aufgegangen.

Ich las so tief in deinem Blick Beim Strahl vom Wetterleuchten: Hugo von Hofmannsthal — Comment Sally in our Alley http: Comment oopsy, diese Stimme Aber hier noch einmal gedruckt. Sally in Our Alley Of all the girls that are so smart There's none like pretty Sally; She is the darling of my heart, And she lives in our alley. There is no lady in the land Is half so sweet as Sally; She is the darling of my heart, Her father he makes cabbage-nets, And through the streets does cry 'em; Her mother she sells laces long To such as please to buy 'em: But sure such folks could ne'er beget So sweet a girl as Sally!

She is the darling of my heart, When she is by, I leave my work, I love her so sincerely; My master comes like any Turk, And bangs me most severely: But let him bang his bellyful, I'll bear it all for Sally; She is the darling of my heart, My master and the neighbors all Make game of me and Sally, And, but for her, I'd better be A slave and row a galley; But when my seven long years are out O then I'll marry Sally,-- O then we'll wed, and then we'll bed But not in our alley!

Henry Carey - Erschienen Laut Wikip. Und fort, wild wie ein Held zur Schlacht. Du gingst, ich stund und sah zur Erden Und sah dir nach mit nassem Blick. Es war getan fast eh gedacht. In meinen Adern welches Feuer! In meinem herzen welche Glut! Ich hofft es, ich verdient es nicht. Doch ach, schon mit der Morgensonne Verengt der Abschied mir das Herz:. In deinem Auge welcher Schmerz! Ich ging, du standst und sahst zur Erden Und sahst mir nach mit nassem Blick: Comment Lied im Advent Immer ein Lichtlein mehr im Kranz, den wir gewunden, dass er leuchte uns so sehr durch die dunklen Stunden.

Zwei und drei und dann vier! Rund um den Kranz welch ein Schimmer, und so leuchten auch wir, und so leuchtet das Zimmer. Und so leuchtet die Welt langsam der Weihnacht entgegen. Comment Inhibited I could not pity your pain but I pitied the branches Losing what little the frost had left them to hold. I could not warm you with sorrow; I turned to the sparrows, Clustered like heavy brown blossoms puffed out by the cold. Comment Dear contributors and visitors, I am writing today just to give you an interim report on The poetry corner - Vol. So who are the most frequently cited poets here?

Robert Louis Stevenson 3: Lewis Carroll The English pieces have been largely selected by myself, but it ain't necessarily so! Native speakers of English and poetry mavens from Germany are expressly encouraged to post some of their favorite English poems.


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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 7: Rainer Maria Rilke 4: Christian Morgenstern It is quite amazing that Geheimrat Goethe is still on the top. There seems to be a clear understanding of whom we like the most. New visitors may correct our bias -;.


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Da will ich sehen, was er sagt, wenn er nun Vater und Mutter fragt, ob ihr auch brav gewesen. Nun schaut er rings die Kleinen an und spricht: Die Kinder klauben und freuen sich sehr; doch finster brummt der Alte: Der Nikolaus kommt heraus, im Sack den Fritz und das Gretchen. Dann rollte er ins Meer hinein.

Und dort versank der kleine Stein. Comment There was a young man from Peru Whose limericks all stopped at line two related discussion: Jokes 2 only English please - Comment A une Chatte Chatte blanche, chatte sans tache, Je te demande, dans ces vers, Quel secret dort dans tes yeux verts, Quel sarcasme sous ta moustache.

Poetry | Ebooks Library Free Download. | Page 2

Denn, war man faul: Beim Fleischer ging es just so zu: Gesell und Bursche lag in Ruh. That der Gesell die Augen auf: Beim Schenken war es so: Der Staatsrock sollte fertig sein; Warf hin das Zeug und legte sich Hin auf das Ohr und pflegte sich. Neugierig war des Schneiders Weib, Und macht sich diesen Zeitvertreib: Sie springt hinunter auf den Schall Mit Licht: O weh nun sind sie alle fort Und keines ist mehr hier am Ort!

Comment These simple lyrics could as well pass as an advent song. Other sources mention only Hodgson. Comment Der Dezember Das Jahr ward alt. Ist gar nicht sehr gesund. Comment To oopsy and all cat lovers The Cool Cat http: Komm mir ein Liebes sagen - aber nur nicht laut. Der Abend horcht an den Scheiben. Lass uns leise bleiben: Keiner weiss uns so.

Comment Doctor rat explains http: Wie bei den meisten Autoren seiner Generation ist von ihm kaum etwas im Web zu finden. Schirm und Robert fliegen dort Durch die Wolken immerfort. Comment The Story of Flying Robert When the rain comes down a-dash, When the storms the meadows lash, Boys and girls stay snug at home Preferring to let others roam; But Roberts thinks, "Ah, me, It's just the time outside to be!

Above the houses, church and steeple, and out of sight of all people! Above the clouds he spins at last, His hat is gone, and he's aghast! And so he sails and sails and sails, Through banks of murky clouds, and wails, And weeps and mourns, poor draggled rat, Because he can't o'ertake his hat. Oh, where on high can that hat be? When you find out, pray come tell me.

Comment Crepuscule du matin All night I wrestled with a memory Which knocked insurgent at the gates of thought. The crumbled wreck of years behind has wrought Its disillusion; now I only cry For peace, for power to forget the lie Which hope too long has whispered. So I sought The sleep which would not come, and night was fraught With old emotions weeping silently. I heard your voice again, and knew the things Which you had promised proved an empty vaunt.

I felt your clinging hands while night's broad wings Cherished our love in darkness. From the lawn A sudden, quivering birdnote, like a taunt. My arms held nothing but the empty dawn. Comment Winter Song The browns, the olives, and the yellows died, And were swept up to heaven; where they glowed Each dawn and set of sun till Christmastide, And when the land lay pale for them, pale-snowed, Fell back, and down the snow-drifts flamed and flowed.

From off your face, into the winds of winter, The sun-brown and the summer-gold are blowing; But they shall gleam with spiritual glinter, When paler beauty on your brows falls snowing, And through those snows my looks shall be soft-going. Schneetreiben, Schneeverwehung to flame: Comment Do not stand at my grave and weep Do not stand at my grave and weep I am not there. I do not sleep. Honestly, it's not just headcount that matters.

Jetzt editiere ich schon fast zwei Stunden online bei miserabler Verbindung. Dieses Jahr werde ich den Text nicht mehr anfassen. Wie so weit und still die Welt! Did you hear What happened to Piccola, children dear? No gifts for Piccola! Sad were they When dawned the morning of Christmas-day; Their little darling no joy might stir, St. Nicholas nothing would bring to her! But Piccola never doubted at all That something beautiful must befall Every child upon Christmas-day, And so she slept till the dawn was gray.

Nicholas had been there! In rushed Piccola sweet, half wild: Never was seen such a joyful child. Now such a story who ever heard? There was a little shivering bird! Children, this story I tell to you, Of Piccola sweet and her bird, is true. In the far-off land of France, they say, Still do they live to this very day. To Robinson, Turrini's protagonists "are stereotypes of abuse, hunted animals in a world of butchers. Even in view of the succession of the absurdist anti-heroes of modern drama, Turrini's mute or screaming victims embody an ultimate transformation of the romantic rebel-hero.

After the commercial and critical failure of some of his later plays, Turrini became disenchanted with the stage, according to Fischer, "and denounced it as outmoded bourgeois entertainment. The series was hailed as one of the best ever produced for German-language television, and its neo-realist style provided the basis for another Turrini drama, Josef und Maria, a story of two lonely people who find each other in a closed department store. With Die Minderleister, the playwright examines the effect of joblessness, homelessness, and hopelessness on a steelworker and his wife.

The husband, Hans, invariably loses out to a system designed to keep him weak: In this play as well, suicide is the final solution. Turrini's portraits "of a cruel and dehumanized country life have given way to more realistic—although sometimes highly stylized—analyses of the decay of the traditional class struggle," Fischer concluded. Infanterie-Division in the Battle of Stalingrad. After the death of her first husband Ludovica Jauch married the bassoonist of the Royal Prussian Court Orchestra Johann Heinrich Griebel — , stemming from a musical family whose members belonged to the royal orchestra of King Frederick II of Prussia.

He was the first teacher of the composer Albert Lortzing , the main representative of the German Spieloper. Her Stepchild Frederick Griebel — , who lived in Toronto , was the first professional violinist in Canada. His wife's wealth enabled him, to become after getting married an important promoter of the music and to play for almost half a century a leading role in Hamburg's music life. In he organized and directed the 3rd North German Music Festival in in Hamburg, which was the biggest festival of its time.

This most venerable old man of over eighty paid me great attention and treated me with paternal affection. When I then visited this kindly old gentleman, who passionately loves music and who, as should be obvious to the reader, is quite free from that aversion which many old people have against everything that has been written in recent times, I had a very lengthy and interesting conversation with him. We parted as great friends. The collection of letters from a number of composers and scores by Brahms is since part of the collection of the Brahms-Institut.

Apart from being a soldier in the Napoleonic wars , Louis Ferdinand was also a gifted musician and composer. The prince brought his violin also to military campaigns. They stepped up significantly for the first time with Hans Jauch — , who won during the Reformation in Switzerland for the Roman Catholic cantons the Second War of Kappel. Neither are related to the Hanseatic Jauch the Jauch of Villingen-Schwenningen and the surrounding municipalities in today's Schwarzwald-Baar district, who were commoners of the Grand Duchy of Baden. Most Jauch spread over the world in present-day time descend from these Jauch, [] of whom a number due to poverty and famine emigrated with hundreds of other inhabitants in several waves from —, , , and in the period thereafter until about to Prussia , Bessarabia , the United States and Canada.

The municipality had calculated that it would cost less to send the poorest to America than it would to support them until the famine ended, [] which resulted from the bad potato harvest in Their ancestor was the butcher Andreas Jauch b. There is no relationship to the Hanseatic Jauch family, too. Retrieved 26 August From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Of the family lineage: Line of succession to the British throne: Some descendants are eligible to succeed to the throne of the United Kingdom.

Peter Tchaikovsky dedicated his Symphony No. Fernsicht Estate Schwonendal Estate — Wineries: Von Othegraven Winery — Townhouses: Armenia Lorena Plantation In Poland: Breve to Friedrich Overbeck []. Bertram, Johann Georg The Life of Hanna Chrzanowska. Dichtung und Wirklichkeit, Bilddokumente [ Buddenbrooks.

Fiction and Facts, Pictorial Documents ] in German. Feldmann, Otto von Feldmann, Peter von, ed. Jahrbuch des Alstervereins in German. Neue Deutsche Biographie in German. Limburg an der Lahn: Hahn-Godeffroy, Johann Diederich, ed. Stammfolge Jauch [ The Lineage of the Jauch ]. Deutsches Geschlechterbuch in German. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Lelewel Prot Adam Jacek. Overbecks an seine Familie aus St. Petersburg und aus Paris — [ Being closely together is the daily bread of love. Overbeck to his family from St.

Petersburg and from Paris — ] in German. Ostdeutsche Familienkunde in German. Stammfolgen [ The Plessen. Lineage ] in German. Niesiecki, Kasper; Bobrowicz, Jan Nepomucen —a. Herbarz polski in Polish. Mein Vater und ich: Erinnerungen — Feldpostbriefe [ My Father and I: Memories — Letters from the Front ]. Out of the Night: Winckler, Johann Dietrich Zedler, Johann Heinrich , ed. Naumann, Franz Rudolph von. Naumann, Johann Christoph von Obrister. Retrieved 20 October Hamburg wie es war und ist: Schramm, Percy Ernst Hamburg und die Adelsfrage bis [ Hamburg and the Nobility Question until ].

Ein Sonderfall in der Geschichte Deutschlands. Elites and Citizens in Bremen ] in German. Studies on the history of the right to vote and the elected Parliament in Hamburg ] in German. Studies about the Spirit of Modern Languages ] in German. Westenrieder, Lorenz von The Peerage also shows the relationship to a number of the named princely individuals, who are not English. In addition the genealogical information contained in the Wikipedia articles of the linked members of House of Habsburg and of the linked members of the peerage of Great Britain allows to trace the said relationships.

Most recent common ancestor: Diederich Brodersen — , m. Maria Jessen Lange b. George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough — Witold Leon Czartoryski — John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford — Tomasz Mineyko of clan Gozdawa — m. Maria Theresa — m. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor — Jan Wiktoryn Rostworowski — John Russell, 1st Earl Russell — William Stuart Knox — John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford. Married second cousin Stefania Cielecka z Cielczy of clan Zaremba — Barnaba Zawisza-Czarny of clan Przerowa b.

Claus Felix von Amsberg — m. Retrieved 18 August Retrieved 19 August Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 26 December In addition no documentary proof for ennoblement yet has been found. Jahrhundert ist Deutschlands soziale Struktur durch den Vorrang des Adels gekennzeichnet Wir haben keinen Adel, keine Patrizier, keine Sklaven, ja selbst nicht einmal Untertanen. Jahrhunderts" [Joachim Moller Founds a Dynasty.

Es gab in Hamburg Patrizier, aber es gab kein Patriziat. In der Stadt jedoch mussten sie sich in einem offenen Konflikt um die Normen der sozialen Ordnung dem offenen Kaufmannshonoratiorentum beugen. Studien zur deutschen Geschichte im Ein Hamburger Beitrag zur Entwicklung des Welthandels im An eligible partner for a member of the royal family had to be descended from the House of Hapsburg or from one of the ruling dynasties of Europe. Archduke Franz Ferdinand, however, insisted that he would not marry anyone other than Countess Sophie.

He himself did not attend the wedding. Immediately after the royal couple arrived in Sarajevo a carefully planned attempt was made by a nationalist, pro-Serbian group to assassinate the Archduke. The attempt failed, but two occupants of the car behind that in which Franz Ferdinand and Sophie were travelling were seriously wounded.

Later the same day, after the official welcome at the Town Hall, Franz Ferdinand expressed a desire to visit the wounded men in the hospital. It was generally agreed that such a visit was dangerous and that Sophie should stay behind, but she refused. Franz Ferdinand and Sophie were both hit and died from their wounds soon after.

The stage was now set for the First World War. Despite the early deaths and of the two founding editors, the paper continued to flourish under a new editor, Eduard Bacher, and his brilliant lead article writer, Moritz Benedikt — both from liberal Jewish families in the Czech provinces of Bohemia and Moravia. Known throughout Europe as the Austrian Times , the paper had a staff of over , including 80 foreign correspondents.

It was stylish in the upper bourgeoisie to be a subscriber and the paper was often critical of the aristocracy. Trollope spent a winter in Vienna and was quite astonished by the caste-like separations of the various social levels. The bourgeoisie must contend with the aristocrats, but it is sure of victory. Little, Brown and Company, ], p.

At the same time it sometimes sounded a note of elegiac pessimism about the viability of the Empire in a continent overwhelmed by vehement nationalism. From about , it wa irtually a mouthpiece of the government and especially of the Ministry of Foreig ffairs. Her mother was Welsh and her grandmother half Scottish.

She and Ferdinand von Wydenbruck , an Austrian diplomat, were married in London in She bore him three children: In he became editor-in-chief of the paper as well as its co-publisher. His lead articles were celebrated for their intelligence and wit. His liberalism was not incompatible with strong support for the multi-ethnic Empire and opposition to minority nationalist movements, including Zionism — which led in to a falling-out with Theodor Herzl, then one of the journalists who worked for him.

Benedikt and his paper later became a favourite target of Karl Kraus in Die Fackel. Falkenhayn was himself the son of a cavalry general and began his career in the military but then turned to managing his estates in Upper Austria. He was elected to the Upper Austrian Landtag or regional parliament as a representative of the conservative federalist and ultramontane party.

His interest in financial questions led to the publication of two books on the finances of the Austrian state in the s. In Franz Joseph appointed him Minister of Agriculture, in which capacity he served for sixteen years. He was known as an extreme conservative in politics. It is where the author of claims she spent the happiest years of her childhood and it is also evoked in at least two of her main fictional writings, Das Riesenrad and Reise durch ein Leben.

Houghton Mifflin, ], p. Altenberg in particular wrote often and affectionately about the town, beginning with a piece about the deposed Queen Maria, the wife of George V of Hanover, in the celebrated art nouveau journal Jugend 16 April, She died in Gmunden in Collier, , p. And he was very lucky, for he heard the most famous singers and actresses of the period… He saw Seebach in a series of her most beautiful parts, and finally Friederike Grossmann in several little comedies.

The Young Nietzsche [New York: Sturgis and Walton, ], p. In she performed in Russia, and in , to great acclaim, in America. From until she was a member of the Vienna Opera. Meyerbeer and Auber considered her unequalled, and the latter was so struck by her interpretation of the part of Zerline in Fra Diavolo that he made her a present of the pen with which he had written the opera. Cosima Wagner, lamenting their public familiarity, wrote: Meantime she gave birth to a daughter — the father was Karl-Kuno Rollo, Graf von Coudenhove, whose family threatened to have him shut up in a mental institution if he dared to marry an actress — and was baptised a Protestant.

While performing at the Orpheum , she was discovered by a Berlin theatre director and brought to the Geman capital, where she mostly performed in revues. In she married Max Pallenberg , the leading comic actor of the German stage. She had a close association with Oscar Straus, creating roles in six of his operettas, notably Der letzte Walzer Massary first nights were a highlight of every season in Berlin.

The couple returned to Vienna, then moved to Switzerland. Pallenberg was killed in a plane crash shortly afterwards. Finally, after a brief guest appearance in London, where she was befriended by Noel Coward and played the role of Liesl Haren, the fading Viennese operetta star, in his not very successful musical play Operette , Massary moved to the United States. Once idolized, she lived a quiet, withdrawn life. Every time I saw her in the imperfect works to which her art provides support, that dream was transformed for me into a living and complete image that bore her name.

First performed at the Vienna Opera in , it remained in the repertoire until Goldmark also composed symphonies, symphonic poems, concert overtures, a violin concerto, chamber music, piano music, choral music and Lieder. Much influenced by Wagner, he is generally considered a late Romantic. Born into a middle-class Jewish family in Vienna, he first studied law, then medicine. His first publication, a volume of extremely short, fragmentary sketches and poems entitled Wie ich es sehe , with an emphasis on the moment and on everyday, seemingly insignificant characters, conversations, gestures, and events, created a sensation in Germany as well as Austria.

Twelve collections of sketches, aphorisms and poems followed.

The little town of Gmunden figures in several of these and was clearly a place to which he was strongly attached. All were published, with one exception, by the highly respected S. Fischer Verlag in Berlin and all went through several — up to twenty — editions. Always eager to be enchanted, Hofmannsthal explained, Altenberg saw the world as a scene of enchantment. To Thomas Mann, the young Viennese combined the childlike, magical vision of Hans Christian Andersen with the talent and penchant for the short form and for aphorism of Nietzsche. Another friend, the well-known cultural historian Egon Friedell, devoted a book to him Ecce Poeta [] , the aim of which was to present him, with his disdain of conventional rhyme, meter, and subject-matter, and his choice of the fragmentary in place of sustained, elaborated forms like the epic and the novel about which he sometimes wrote disparagingly , as the prototype of the modern writer.

Das Altenbergbuch Leipzig, Vienna, Zurich: He became despondent; his writing began to flag; and after breaking both wrists in a fall at his hotel, he was bedridden for months and began to slowly poison himself by taking vast quantities of sleeping pills. Most of his work has been republished; several books have been written about him in both English and German; and hitherto untranslated works have been translated into English.

Though he painted genre scenes in his early years, by the early s he was well launched on a highly successful career as a court painter in Vienna, London, Berlin, and St. He was a great favourite of Queen Victoria herself, as well as of Prince Albert. He made portraits of her for the various royal residences.

She also had him make portraits of other members of the royal family and, as a mark of her special regard for Slatin Pasha see below , had Angeli make her a portrait of him. In addition, Angeli was much in demand in English and German aristocratic circles. When the revolutionaries were defeated by the Imperial troops, Robert Blum was taken prisoner. On November 8, he was tried and condemned to death and, a day later, executed. He immediately became a hero and martyr in the cause of freedom for the entire German democratic movement.

Ferdinand Freiligrath, the popular poet of the Revolution see the notice on him below , published a poetic tribute to him as a proletarian hero. His son Hans Blum, however, was no revolutionary but an ardent German nationalist. A war correspondent in the Franco-Prussian War of , he continued his career in journalism by serving as editor of Der Grenzbote from to All his historical writing was directed to the German Volk and to German youth and aimed to promote patriotism and national pride in both.

Do you understand what I mean? Should Messieurs les Socialistes entertain the idea of degrading your father by claiming him as one of themselves, then you are at liberty to make use of my power, in the press, to keep that picture clean. Your father was very advanced [ sehr liberal ]. Harper and Brothers, , Poultney Bigelow comments: Les aristocrates, on les pendra.

A major figure in German Romantic literature, his reputation as the author of a body of lyric poetry suffused with melancholy has remained high. His first volume of Gedichte appeared in Lenau also wrote verse epics and dramas Faust , , Savonarola , , Die Albigensier , , Don Juan — begun in and published posthumously. His melancholy was no doubt partly due to a dark vision of human existence in general but it was also not unrelated to a negative judgment of the society and culture of his time, which led him, in , to set sail for the New World in the hope of finding more congenial conditions in what he took to be an unspoiled wilderness.

Disillusioned by America and what he judged to be its materialist culture, he returned to Europe after a year. The experience led him to distance himself radically from his earlier political liberalism and to identify with the downtrodden and oppressed, represented by American Indians and Gypsies. His first volume of poems, Gedicht e , was such a success that he was able to give up his job as a bookkeeper in Barmen. On the recommendation of Alexander von Humboldt, he was awarded a pension by Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia in , which he renounced, however, in when he aligned himself unequivocally with the democratic opposition to the established order.

His next collection, Glaubensbekenntnis , established him as the poet of the struggle for freedom and social justice of the middle years of the nineteenth century and was an even greater success than the volume. The revolutionary content was unmistakable. I adore her with all my being and follow her with sword and shield, and sing her hymns of praise — but neither now nor ever will I turn her into a sacred idol! The verse was marked by even stronger, almost military rhythms and clear, memorable rhymes.

The tone was now outspokenly revolutionary.

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Do I not control the ever rumbling volcano on which you walk? It is up to me; One push from me, one blow from me at this point in time, and behold, the whole edifice of which you are the summit collapses! Durch seine Lumpen pfeift der Wind! Wo nimmt es Brot und Kleider her? Da tritt ein kecker Bursche vor; der spricht: Mir nach, wer Rock und Hosen will!

The wind whistles through their rags. Where are they to get bread and clothes? A bold young fellow steps forward and says: Let whoever wants a coat and stockings follow me! There is stuff for a whole battalion! When the paper was banned in , however, Freiligrath was again out of a job. With a warrant out for his arrest, he moved from one city to another until in he again left Germany, this time for London. After working for a few years for a commercial firm he was appointed director of the London branch of a Swiss bank. In the branch was closed and two years later, after the announcement of an amnesty for everyone charged with political crimes, Freiligrath returned to Germany.

Im vollen Brand der Juliglut, Wie ziehst du frisch dein Schwert! Wie trittst du zornig frohgemut Zum Schutz vor deinen Herd! Du dachtest nicht an Kampf und Streit: Auf, meine Kinder, alle Mann! Vergessen ist der alte Span: Das deutsche Volk ist eins! No thought hadst thou, so calm and light, Of war or battle plain, But on thy broad fields, waving bright, Didst mow the golden grain, With clashing sickles, wreaths of corn Thy sheaves didst garner in, When, hark!

Down sickle then and wreath of wheat Amidst the corn were cast, And, starting fiercely to thy feet, Thy heart beat loud and fast; Then with a shout I heard thee call. Well, since you will, you may! Up, up, my children, one and all, On to the Rhine! Hurra, Germania, stolzes Weib! Mag kommen nun, was kommen mag: Dies ist All-Deutschlands Ehrentag: Nun weh dir, Gallia! Auf, Deutschland, auf, und Gott mit dir! Denn siegen wirst du ja: Swabian and Prussian, hand in hand, North, South, one host, one vow!

One soul, one arm, one close-knit frame, One will are we to-day; Hurrah, Germania!


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Woe worth the hour a robber thrust Thy sword into thy hand! A curse upon him that we must Unsheathe our German brand! For home and hearth, for wife and child, For all loved things that we Are bound to keep all undefiled From foreign ruffianry! Up, Germans, up, with God! The die Clicks loud,—we wait the throw! Yet, look thou up, with fearless heart! Thou must, thou shalt prevail! Wollt einmal doch im Leben ein freies Land ihr schaun?

Wollt ihr das Zepter tauschen um einen Hirtenstab? Seht auf das Land hernieder von hoher Alpenwand! O seht, es strahlt so licht! Do you want, for once in your life, to see a free country? Or do you want to find a grave in free soil? Look down on this land from the high wall of the Alps! There it lies, like a book written by the hand of God. The mountains are the letters, the green pastures are the page.

The Saint Gotthard is but a period in this gigantic text. Do you know what is written in it? Oh, look, it shines out so clearly! You do not know this script. No chancellor wrote it; it is not written on parchment. The narrator laments their death, then asks rhetorically in whose place the living would rather sleep the eternal sleep. Schlaft sanft, ihr Zwei! Ihr aber, die ihr noch jetzo wacht: Sleep softly, you two! But you who are still awake, in whose place would you rather sleep the eternal sleep?

In subsequent works — Nibelungen im Frack and Pfaff vom Kahlenberg , criticism was expressed by means of ironic humor. Auersberg also translated Slovenian folk poems into German and wrote a series of ballads on the theme of Robin Hood. Here too he made a name for himself by criticising political conditions in Austria and leading local opposition to the exactions of the central government in Vienna.

After the Revolution he represented the district of Laibach in the Frankfurt Parliament but failed to persuade the Slavic Slovenians, who desired independence, to send representatives to the German parliament. Within a year the violent turn taken by the Revolution led him to resign his seat and withdraw into private life. In , however, he was summoned to the remodeled Reichsrat by Franz Joseph and the following year was appointed a life member of the Austrian upper house Herrenhaus. Having helped to organize the Social Democratic Party of Galicia , the forerunner of the Polish Social Democratic Party, he entered the lower house of the Reichsrat the parliament established by Emperor Franz Joseph in as a deputy from Galicia in and quickly made a name for himself as a brilliant public orator.

In an attempt to intimidate the Sejm, Pilkudski sent a large group of army officers to take up positions in the vestibule and hallways on the day of the opening session. Ushers asked the officers to leave, but they refused. The theatrical stage of parliamentarism, alas, cruelly deceived us.

The charges were dropped for lack of evidence. The penalty for not getting a husband and remaining a spinster is having to work. Marriage and work are thus opposites, the former the reward of good behaviour, the latter the punishment for bad behaviour. It is still in print and has also been made into a movie and a TV series.

Der Trotzkopf is a classic of the so-called Backfischroman , novels for young girls, the aim of which was to prepare their readers for a place in the conservative social order ot the Wilhelminian age. She was indeed old. Born in and married twice — first to Johann, Graf Keglevich zu Busin and after his death to Julius, Graf von Falkenhayn — she outlived her second husband by one year and died in Vienna in Johannes Evangelista Habert , born in Bohemia and trained in Linz, settled in Gmunden in and was appointed municipal organist there in Cambridge University Press, ].

Completely forgotten now, Crommelin was a prolific and in her time popular author. Jerome , best known as the author of the still widely read Three Men in a Boat To Say Nothing of the Dog and Idle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow , produced a number of novels as well as plays and collections of short stories and essays. A contemporary and friend of J.

He quickly became one of her favourites. She translated several of his stories and also wrote his obituary for the Frankfurter Zeitung , no. Karl Kraus, the famous Viennese critic and satirist of the next generation, sometimes referred to him as his most important predecessor. Having taken part in it, he fled to Germany after it was suppressed, but soon landed in prison anyway for having allegedly participated in the Dresden uprising of the following May.

Amerikanisches Kulturbild [Frankfurt a. Yes, yes, my dear Sir, the freedom of the press is the jewel of our enlightened and happy land. An enslaved press is an excellent instrument of emancipation, for then the public forms its own judgment. But a free press is an invaluable instrument of tyranny. The mob believes it and parrots what it is told.

Likewise Revolution should never allow itself to become institutionalized in a new order. Criticism and satire are not effective in themselves, he added. Power will not yield to truth, but only to the pressure that will follow widespread recognition of the truth. Nothing on earth is greater than the German name. This was obviously a way of making her opposition to anti-Semitism public. In he was found dead, along with his latest mistress, a girl of seventeen, at Mayerling, his hunting lodge.

What actually happened at Mayerling is still the subject of much speculation and many books. He, however, renounced his succession rights in favor of his son, Franz Ferdinand, who was assassinated in at Sarajevo. According to the economic line of thought he inspired, everyone owns the product of his or her labour, but everything found in nature, above all land, belongs equally to all humanity.

George supported state ownership of telegraphic communications and municipal ownership of the water supply. He was strongly opposed to private monopolies. His most famous work, Progress and Poverty , deals with inequality and the cyclic nature of industrial economies and proposes possible remedies. A well known speaker and public figure, George ran for Mayor of New York City in and came in second, ahead of the Republican candidate, Theodore Roosevelt.

Stirner is usually seen as one of the founders of anarchism. He was also an influence on modern existentialism. His writing style and mode of argumentation were distinctive and disconcerting. He relied a good deal on word play and on exploiting words with related etymologies, since he claimed that language and rationality are themselves products of human culture that have come to constrain and oppress their creators. Der Einzige und sein Eigentum ; English trans. The Ego and Its Own , was the most important statement of his radical philosophical views. He resigned two years later, however, because of disagreements with the administration.

After three years as an untenured professor of art history at Heidelberg, he was appointed to the Chair of Art History in This brought him into close contact with the Wagner family and the Wagnerites. He emphasized instead the continued importance of Christian values and ideas.

The Suicide of Europe

This did not prevent Thode from living a high-profile social life. He and Daniela ultimately moved to a villa on the Lago di Garda in Italy where they maintained a lavish lifestyle. Between the late s and the s he wrote both the music and the libretti for over a dozen operas, none of them much performed now, though several have been recorded. He also wrote orchestral works and Lieder. He made his debut at Bayreuth as assistant conductor in , became associate conductor two years later, and in succeeded his mother as Artistic Director of the Festival. This did not, of course, prevent the use of an occasional Jewish singer or musician when the success of the performances required it.

It has been argued, however — most movingly by his daughter Friedlinde, who emigrated in first to England, where she wrote anti-Nazi columns for the Daily Sketch , then in to the United States, where she took part in anti-Nazi radio broadcasts, in her memoir Heritage of Fire: The oldest son, referred to here as a Fascist in the late s, was Manfredi It so alarmed the British, however, who read it as a challenge to their naval power, while at the same time alienating the French, that it had the effect of cementing the Entente between Britain and France against Germany.

Abdul Aziz, whose attempts to modernize Morocco and whose personal extravagance and infatuation with Western luxury products had made him unpopular, was forced to abdicate in and yield power to his half-brother. His dates of birth and death are uncertain: Selected Essay s [New York: Ballantine Books, ], pp. Morocco That Was [London and Edinburgh: William Blackwood, ], p. In addition to constant skirmishes with the forces of the Sultan and incessant raids and cattle robberies resulting in not a few murders for which he was imprisoned at one point for several years in the dreaded dungeons of Mogador , Raisuli used kidnappings as an instrument in his struggle for power, financial resources, and recognition.

Harris later described his captor as a handsome, chivalrous, well educated, and intelligent tribal chief with a keen sense of honour, even if he shrank from no act of violence. Varley, some grandchildren, some tame pheasants, a demoiselle crane, and several monkeys. A Study in the Old Diplomacy [London: The kidnapping of Perdicaris caused an international incident.

The Sultan was pressured by Britain, France, and the United States to intervene, but was powerless to do so. President Theodore Roosevelt then ordered four American warships with a detachment of Marines to Tangiers. Maclean had been authorized by the Sultan to negotiate a settlement of some outstanding issues with Raisuli in a remote place half way between Tangiers and Fez. The two swore an oath on the Koran to drive the foreign Christians out of Morocco.

The Sultan of the Mountains. A heavily fictionalized film, The Wind and the Lion , in which Raisuli is played by Sean Connery, focuses on the Perdicaris kidnapping. Ion Perdicaris himself wrote an account of his kidnapping in the National Geographic Magazine in and in an autobiographical memoir, published in London in , The Hand of Fate reproduced in John Hughes, ed. The Lyon Press, ], pp. Stanford University Press, He is situated in the context of the history of terrorism in Jeffrey D.

Simon, The Terrorist Trap: Indiana University Press, Most of her elegantly and concisely written books appeared with leading publishers, such as Plon, Grasset, and Hachette in the s and s, when historical biographies that read like novels were in great vogue, but she continued to publish until the early s and several of her works were translated into English.

In , the publisher Plon put out a book by her about her uncle, Mon Oncle Taine, and in the same publisher brought out her charmingly written Ce Monde disparu: Souvenirs , the entire second half of which is devoted to the events and personalities of the years she and her husband spent in Morocco. Of the great powers, Austria alone had no interests in a country where Germany, France, Great Britain, and Spain all had competing interests, and Madame Taillandier never mentions it. He then returned briefly to Berlin before being posted to Constantinople , Athens , Teheran , Budapest, where he was Consul-General from to , Constantinople again , and Sofia In he was appointed British Minister in Tangiers, a position which he held for almost ten years and in which he finally got a chance to show his mettle as a diplomat.

He is quiet, steady, full of ready resource, not making difficulties, not delighting to put the other man into a hole. In he returned to London to be Permanent Under-Secretary to Edward Grey, the Foreign Secretary, in which capacity he did his best, against opposition from many liberals unfavorable to close association with the oppressive regime of the Czar, to promote a strong British-Russian-French alliance as a means of holding Germany in check.

He played an important part in the diplomatic negotiations and manoeverings that preceded the outbreak of the First World War, urging Grey to make it very clear to Germany that Britain would support France and Russia in the event of war. Longmans, Green, , a thoughtful little book on the development of the German Constitution from the time of the German Confederation in to the Imperial Constitution of Nicolson was the subject of a fine biography — Sir Arthur Nicolson, Bart. A Study in the Old Diplomacy London: Constable, — by his son, the prolific and elegant writer, essayist, and scholar, Sir Harold Nicolson.

He is mild and conciliatory.

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The future is very uncertain in this country, and I should like our hands to be quite free and not to encourage these people to imagine that we were their sole support and advisers. I do not think this would be fair as they might expect more than we should probably perform. I am anxious to be on the most friendly terms and do what I can to help them, but not to strive for a specially predominant position. The consequences might be awkward. No, must I really. Basically, Nicolson had been told to give his French counterpart a free hand.

Helping them to do so is decidedly not our business. But it could well be yours. Taine had taken a dim view of the French Revolution. Taillandier defended the Revolution, claiming that it had resulted in the sweeping away of the Old Regime all over Europe. Taine replied that the way this occurred in England under the influence of Locke and in Germany under the influence of Stein was far preferable to the way it occurred in France under the influence of Rousseau.

Taillandier subsequently wrote an account of his activity in Morocco: This aristocrat was an adventurer, a prolific writer, a combative socialist, and a Scottish nationalist; he was the first ever avowed socialist to be elected to the British House of Commons, a founder of the Scottish Labour Party, and first President of the Scottish National Party.

Probably he is best described as an anarchist, opposed to all authority. A Journey in Morocco in In countries like Morocco, where men still live under the tribal system, all government must be despotic; witness Algeria, Afghanistan, and Russian Tartary. The unit is the tribe and not the individual, and what we understand by freedom and democracy would seem to them the grossest form of tyranny on earth.

No doubt no man in all Morocco is secure in the enjoyment of his property; but then in order to be amenable to tyranny, one must be rich, and as most tribesmen own but a horse or two, a camel, perhaps a slave, some little patch of cultivated ground or olive garden, it is not generally on them the extortion of Government descends, but on the chief Sheikh, Kaid, or Governor, who, if he happens to be rich, can never sleep secure a single day.

Heinemann, ; quoted from the ed. Associated University Presses, by Dr. Cedric Watts, a scholar who has studied Cunninghame Graham closely and written a substantial biography of him:. Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham was born in and died in ; in the interim he became a celebrity, a notoriety, a living legend; and in the aftermath he has become, gradually, a forgotten figure, his achievements neglected. Hudson and Edward Garnett. He was born into the Scottish landed gentry […]; his ancestry was three-quarters Scottish, one quarter Spanish.

During the subsequent years he frequently travelled in Central and South America, living among gauchos , llaneros and cattle-ranchers, making repeated attempts to prosper as a cattle- and horse-dealer — attempts which failed partly because of his youthful rashness, and partly because of Indian raids and the revolutionary upheavals in those regions. His Liberalism was nominal: His experiences as a convict did nothing to diminish his campaigning ardour: At demonstrations on behalf of the dockers and in the campaign for the eight-hour day he appeared alongside Kropotkin, Engels, H.

It is also the case that in his chivalrous impetuosity, in his concern for the underdog, and in his contempt for so much that passed for modern progress he could be seen as quixotically anachronistic. Many of the causes for which he fought so zealously were eventually to succeed. Yet, in his lifetime, he was regarded as a master. The texture may be thin, but it is wiry; […] he always has an eye for the telling detail. She turned out to be more practical, realistic, and consistent than Graham, but she could well have recognized some of her own impulses in the rage and indignation, the antibourgeois stance, and — not least — the chivalrous concern for the oppressed and downtrodden of the leftist Scottish aristocrat.

He continued to travel in and write about many areas of the Middle East, but Tangiers, where he occupied a handsome villa, was his home for the next thirty-five years. Though the interior of Morocco was largely closed to foreigners at the time, Harris was an intrepid and clever explorer and got to see and describe areas hitherto unvisited.

In addition, as the correspondent of the London Times in Tangiers, an Arabic speaker, and the intimate of at least three of the ruling Sultans, he had many opportunities to observe every aspect of Moroccan life. After he was captured by the mountain chieftain Raisuli one day when he was out hunting, he not only succeeded in securing his own release — with the help, generously acknowledged, of Sir Arthur Nicolson, the British Minister in Tangiers — he won the respect of his captor, of whom he in turn wrote admiringly.

Harris is the author of many books describing the places and societies he visited: The Land of the African Sultan: Travels in Morocco London: William Blackwood, ; Tafilat: Arnold, ; East for Pleasure: Arnold, ; East Again: All his geese had to be swans. Eland Books, ; orig.