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These glorious drops that give me freedom have I drunk. Closely they knit my joints as straps secure a chariot. Let them protect my foot from slipping on the way: Our maladies have lost their strength and vanished; they feared, and passed away into the darkness. Soma hath risen in us, exceedingly mighty, and we have come to where men prolong existence. Fathers, that drop which our hearts have drunken, Immortal in himself, hath entered mortals. So let us serve this Soma with oblation, and rest securely in his grace and favor. Amrita is in the Waters; in the Waters there is healing balm: Within the Waters — Soma thus hath told me — dwell all balms that heal, and Agni, he who blesseth all.

The Waters hold all medicines. To thee alone our prayers are said. Within the filter hath he flowed, this Soma for the Gods effused, entering all their essences. Bring wealth, O Soma, thousandfold. In purifying, through the sieve the rapid drops of'Soma juice Come nigh to Indra in their course. The glittering maids send Sura forth they with their song have sung aloud To Pavamana dropping meath. May Pusan, drawn by goats, be our protector, and on all his paths Bestow on us our share of maids.

This Soma flows like gladdening oil for him who wears the braided locks: He shall give us our share of maids. This Soma juice, O glowing God, flows like pure oil, effused for thee: Flow onward, Soma, in thy stream, begetter of the sages' speech: Wealth-giver among Gods art thou. The Falcon dips within the jars: Soma, thy juice hath been effused and poured into the pitcher: For Indra flow most rich in sweets, O Soma, bringing him delight. They were sent forth to feast the Gods, like chariots that display their strength.

Brilliant, best givers of delight, these juices have sent Vayu forth. Roll onward to the beakers as they cleanse thee, far-seeing at the feast of Gods, and watchful. Roar out as thou art purified, run forward. Let him flow, sweetly-flavoured, through the filter, and let our pious one rest in the pitcher. Come nigh, together with the Gods, for bounty. With brilliant kin, far-ruling, sanctifying, the Boar advances, singing, to the places.

Friends come to Pavamana meet for praises, and sound in concert their resistless music. He with the sharpened horns brings forth abundance: He quells malignities and slays the demons, the King of mighty power who brings us comfort. Indu hath, wearing qualities by seasons, on the raised fleece engaged, the ten swift fingers. Raising a shout thou flowest as they cleanse thee, when thou, O Soma, art effused for Indra. Dispelling, as 'twere with a club, misfortunes, run o'er the height, run o'er the fleecy summit.

Flow, Indu, send these Winds thy lower kinsmen, setting them free like locks of hair unbraided. Neigh like a tawny courser who is loosened, come like a youth, O God, a house- possessor. With thousand streams, inviolate, sweet-scented, flow on for gain of strength that conquers heroes. Do ye, O Deities, come nigh to drink them.

The King shall be effectual strength's upholder: Give us food ample, thousandfold: Rich in all boons like priests acquiring favour, the worshippers of heaven, the best of Cheerers. For we go forth to war against the mighty make heaven and earth well stablished by thy cleansing. By paths directed hitherward, the straightest, send thou us happiness, Indu, while they cleanse thee. Like a son following his father's wishes, grant to this family success and safety.

The race of kine is thy gift, Pavarridna: Thou flowest on as gladdening drink for Indra, sending thy voice out with the hymns of sages. Enter the Soma-holding beaker, Indu, and with a roar approach the ray of Sarya. To the Cow's Master come the Cows inquiring: Soma, effused, is purified and blended our hymns and Trstup songs unite in Soma. Pass into Indra with a mighty roaring make the voice swell, and generate abundance. Him the Adhvaryus, paired and eager, follow, leaders of sacrifice and skilful- handed. He by whose dear help men gain all their wishes shall yield the precious meed as to a victor.

Steer, in the filter, on the fleecy summit, Soma, the Drop effused, hath waxen mighty. He, Pavamana, granted strength to Indra; he, Indu, generated light in Surya. Gladden the Gods, gladden the host of Maruts: We are thy friends, thou art the Friend of Indra. Be sweet to India when they cleanse thee, Indu, and pour down riches on us from the ocean. Cleansed, he hath settled in his wooden dwelling: Indu hath flowed with milk and with the waters.

Flow to the song-inspiring car-borne Hero, to mighty Indra, him who wields the thunder. God Soma, send us chariot-drawing horses that they may bring us treasures bright and golden. Here, too, the Ruddy, wind-swift, full of wisdom, Shall give a son to him who cometh quickly. May the Foe-queller shake us down, for triumph, like a tree's ripe fruit, sixty thousand treasures. Thou art the giver of the gift, a Bhaga, a Maghavan for liberal lords, O Indu. Driving the drops at our assemblies, Indu completely traverses the fleecy filter.

The wise men send him forth with ten swift fingers, and balm his form with essence of the waters. Onward hath Indu flowed in streams, impelled, surrounded by the wood. He goes erect, as seeking kine in stream, with light, to sacrifice. They bruised him where the roar was loud. Gain him who hath the smell of strength, win him whose home is very strength. And sacred songs which bear the names of Gods have supplicated him. Him they instruct as messenger to bear the sage's morning prayer.

He as it were impregns the cow, and babbles on, the Ford of Song. Thou, yielding Indra highest joy, takest thy seat within the bowls. THE Guileless Ones are singing praise to Indra's well beloved Friend, As, in the morning of its life, the mothers lick the new-born calf. All treasures of the earth and heaven, O Soma, thou dost multiply. Striving within the votary's house thou drivest all the glooms away.

Thou, Pavamana hast assumed thy coat of mail in majesty. FOR first possession of your juice, for the exhilarating drink, Drive ye away the dog, my friends, drive ye the long-tongued dog away. The Lord of Speech exerts himself, Ruler of all, because of might. He, Lord of the multitude, hath looked upon the earth and heaven. The drops as they were purified, the Soma juices, made then paths. As Bhrgu's sons chased Makha, so drive ye the greedy hound away.

He went, as lover to a dame, to take his station suitor-like. Bellowing out, the Tawny Steer goes on to Indra's special place. THE Child, when blended with the streams, speeding the plan of sacrifice, Surpasses all things that are dear, yea, from of old. He who is passing wise measures his courses out. Warriors to be envied, they, when they are pleased. To Soma who is purified as ordering Priest the song is raised: Bring meed, as 'twere, to one who makes thee glad with hymns.

The Gold-hued, purified, makes him three seats for rest. The Rsis' sevenfold quire hath sung aloud to him. The penetrating Pavamana flows along. SIT down, O friends, and sing aloud to him who purifies himself: Deck him for glory, like a child, with holy rites. We clothe the hue thou wearest with a robe of milk. As Friend for friend, be thou best finder of success. SING; ye aloud, O friends, to him who makes him pure for gladdening drink: They shall make sweet the Child with sacrifice and laud.

O Indu, overcome and drive the false afar. To Indra, to the Mighty Steer, may these gold-coloured juices go, Drops rapidly produced, that find the light of heaven. Soma bethinks him of the Conqueror, as he knows. Bring hither splendid strength that finds the light of heaven. Rich in meath, Soma, in our beaker take thy place.

The Rig Veda

The Gods have drunk thee up for immortality. Our psalms have glorified him of the triple height. Thou comest to the filter, singing, from each side. HENCE sprinkle forth the juice effused,. Soma, the best of sacred gifts, Who, friend of man, hath run amid the water-streams.

Rig Veda Book 9 HYMN X. Soma Pavamana

He hath pressed Soma out with stones. We ladden thee in waters when thou art effused, blending thee still with juice and milk. Giver of wealth, thou sittest in the place of Law, O God, a fountain made of gold. Washed by the men, the Strong Farseeing One streams forth nutriti us food that all desire. Thou hast become a Sage most welcome to the Gods: They have approached the mixing-vessel as a sea: Ill 13 Like a dear son who must be decked, the Lovely One hath clad him in a shining robe. Men skilful at their work drive him forth, like a car, into the rivers from their bands.

May he by Mitra's and by Varuna's decree flow furthering the lofty rite. He hastens o'er the fleece with all his thousand streams: Robed in the flood, the Mighty One hath clad himself with milk and settled in the vats. Many fiends follow me; help me, thou Tawny-hued; pass on beyond these barriers. O Tawny-hued, for friendship sake. Surya himself refulgent with his glow have we o'ertaken in his course like birds. Thou, Pavamana, makest riches flow to us, yellow, abundant, much-desifed.

Thou flowest, Soma Pavamana, balmed with milk unto the special place of Gods. Thou, Soma, as Exhilarator wast the first to spread the sea abroad for Gods. Fair art thou whom the sages, O Far-seeing One, urge onward with their songs and hymns. He gendering light, hath made the glad Cows low, while he takes them as his garb of state. FOR Indra, flow thou Soma on, as gladdening juice most sweet, intelligent, Great, cheering, dwelling most in heaven.

Unclose the fount of middle air. Pour on us rain from heaven, send us the waters' flow: Soma, with thy flowing stream. Thou speedest to subdue like one exacting debts. Thou, Pavamana, enterest into mighty deeds, 3 O Pavamana, thou didst generate the Sun, and spread the moisture out with power, Hasting to us with plenty vivified with milk. Thou evermore hast moved making strength flow to us. So, Hero, urge us onward to heroic power.

They lifted up their voice to Indra athis birth.

The Rig Veda/Mandala 9/Hymn 67 - Wikisource, the free online library

WITH this his golden splendour purifying him, he with his own allies subdues all enemies, as Sara with his own allies. Cleansing himself with stream of juice he shines forth yellow-hued and red, when with the praisers he encompasses all forms, with praisers having seven mouths. As 'twere from far, the hymn is heard, where holy songs resound in joy. He with the ruddy-hued, threefold hath won life-power, he, glittering, hath won life- power.

The very beauteous car rivals the beams of light, the beautiful celestial car. Hymns, lauding manly valour, came, inciting Indra to success, that ye may be unconquered, both thy bolt and thou, both be unconquered in the war. WE all have various thoughts and plans, and diverse are the ways of men.

The Brahman seeks the worshipper, wright seeks the cracked, and leech the maimed. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. Striving for wealth, with varied plans, we follow our desires like kine. The male desires his mate's approach, the frog is eager for the flood, Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake.


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Gandharvas have seized bold of him, and in the Soma laid the juice. The juices of the juicy meet. Made pure by prayer, O Golden-hued, flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake: He was deceitfully killed by the Kauravas during Kurukshetra. A synonym of Sri Vishnu. Adi Shankara '3f fct The first Hindu philosopher who consolidated the principles of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy.

A goddess of the sky, consciousness, the past, the future and fertility. A school of Hindu philosophy often called a monistic or non-dualistic system which refers to the indivisibility of the Self Atman from the Whole Brahman. A great sage whose life-story the Pandavas leamt while on pilgrimage to holy places, his wife Lopamudra was equally a great sage in her own right.

A dragon sent by Kamsa to destroy Krishna Agneyastra 3llfl i ll'b?

The Rig Veda/Mandala 9/Hymn 67

Agneyastra is the fire weapon, incepted by God Agni, master of the flames. The sacred Hindu fire god. A sacrifice to God Agni. Means "snake" , Vritra was also known in the Vedas as Ahi cognate with Azhi Dahaka of Zoroastrian mythology and he is said to have had three heads. Ahimsa A religious concept which advocates non-violence and a respect for all life. Having no enemy, friend of all born things, an epithet of Yudhishthira. Akampana '3l c b'H L M: Meaning Unconquerable - A rakshasa, maternal uncle of Ravana, slain by Hanumaan at seize.

A wonderful vessel given to Yudhishthira by the Sun god which held a never-failing supply of food. A Rakshasa friend of Duryodhana who had joined his forces but Satyaki compelled him to flee from the battlefield. This is the meeting point of the Vindhyas and the Satpuras, with the Maikal Hills being the fulcrum.

Ambrosia, the food of the gods, which makes the partaker immortal. Ananta Ananta may be l. The thousand headed naga that issued from Balrama's mouth 2. Author and commentator of Katyayana sutra 3. Ananta was the name of present Shekhawati region of Rajasthan in India. Andhaka was the demon son of Shiva, and was created from a drop of his sweat.

He was born blind. After birth, Andhaka was given to Hiranyaksha to be raised, as he had no sons. Later, Andhaka became the king of Hiranyaksha's kingdom. Mlechchha kings, a Kaurava supporter. Equivalent, Garuda; the divine eagle Arani 3kR: An upper and a lower piece of wood used for producing fire by attrition. The third of Pandavas and Krishna's cousin. His doubts on the battle field led to Krishna expounding the Gita. Wealth, one of the objects of human life, the others being Dharma, righteous- ness , Kama satisfaction of desires , Moksha spiritual salvation.

Wife of sage Vashishta. She was one of the nine daughters of Kardama Prajapati and his wife Devahuti. Son of Sagra Ashtavakra 3iqd. A towering scholar while still in his teens. Five mighty arrows shot by Kama Asita 3iRic 1: A sage who held that gambling was ruinous and should be avoided by all wise people.

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A Kaurava warrior who attacked Abhimanyu. A missile charged with power by a holy incantation. The underlying metaphysical self, sometimes translated as spirit or soul. Unconquuerable, The city in the country of Koshala B Binod: The Father of intillegent son Birat Birat: Babhmvahana was son of Arjuna by his wife Chitrangada. Badarikasram is a place sacred to Vishnu, near the Ganges in the Himalayas, particularly in Vishnu's dual form of Nara-Narayana.

A king of the Solar race, who was vanquished and driven out of his country by the tribes of Haihayas and Talajanghas. He was father of Sagara. Also other name of king Bahu. Balarama, elder brother of Sri Krishna. Elder brother of Lord Krishna and manifestation of Sheshanaga. An avatar or incarnation of Adisesha the thousand-hooded serpent on which Lord Mahavishnu reclines in Vaikuntha. Banasura was a thousand-armed asura and son of Bali.

He was a powerful and terrible asura. All people even the king of earth and Devas of heaven were afraid of him. Banasura was a follower of Shiva. He had a beautiful daughter named Usha. The daughter of Saha, a merchant of Nichhani Nagar; weds Lakshmindara, mentioned in the story of Manasa Devi who was the daughter of Shiva. Bhadrakah is also known as the gentle Kali, who came into being by Devi's wrath, when Daksha insulted Shiva.

She is the consort of Virabhadra. King of Pragjyotisha, a Kaurava ally. A Sanskrit word meaning "Holy or Blessed one". It is a title of veneration, often translated as "Lord" and refers to God. The national gospel contained in Mahabharata, Part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhishma-Parva chapters A core sacred text of Hinduism and philosophy. Son of Dilipa, king of Kosala who worshipped Shiva and brought down Ganges. A Hindu devotional song. Great importance is attributed to the singing of bhajans within the Bhakti movement.

A Sanskrit term that means intense devotion expressed by action service. A person who practices bhakti is called bhakta. Bhaktl Yoga Bldd The Hindu term for the spiritual practice of fostering of loving devotion to God, called bhakti. A rishi, father of Yavakrida.


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Means "to be or being maintained". Bharat may be 1. Emperor Bharata, son of Dushyanta and Shakuntala 5. Bharata Ramayana , a son of Dasharatha, younger brother of Rama 6. Bharata Muni, the author of the Natyashastra 7. Bharata Bhagavata , the eldest of a hundred sons of a saintly king by name Rishabha Deva according to the Bhagavata purana.

Meaning "descended from Bharata". Bharata may refer to 1. The Bharatas, an Aryan tribe of the Rigveda 2. The second of Pandavas who excelled in physical prowess as he was born of the wind-god. Blnshma was son of Shantanu, the great Knight and guardian of the imperial house of Kurus. Raja of Kundalpur and father of Rukmim. A branch of the Yadava clan belonging to Krishna's tribe. Nameo of Son of Bharatha. He became emperor of India after Bharat. Another name of prince Uttara son of Virata who had proceeded to fight the Kaurava armies, with Brihannala as his charioteer.

Bhurisravas was a prince of the Balhikas and an ally of the Kauravas, who was killed in the great battle of the Mahabharata. A ghost, imp, goblin. Malignant spirits which haunt cemeteries, lurk in trees, animate dead bodies, and delude and devour human beings. Bibhatsu One of Arjuna's name meaning a hater of unworthy acts. Creator of the universe, The Hindu creator god, and one of the Trimurti, the others being Vishnu and Shiva. A divine weapon, irresistible, one given by Lord Brahma himself.

A religious student, unmarried, who lives with his spiritual guide, devoted to study and service. The signifying name given to the concept of the unchanging, infinite, immanent and transcendent reality that is the Divine Ground of all being. One of four fundamental colours in Hindu caste Varna consisting of scholars, priests and spiritual teachers. It is considered to be the land of Krishna and is derived from the Sanskrit word vraja. A great sage who visited the Pandavas during their forest hermitage and reminded them of King Nala of Nishadha who also lost his kingdom in the game of dice and who deserted his wife Damayanti because of a curse but ultimately regained both.

Commander of three regiments reigned over Magadha and attained celebrity as a great hero, married the twin daughters of the Raja of Kasi. His two wives ate each half of a mango given by sage Kausika and begot half a child each. A Rakshasi recovered the two portions from a dustbin wherein they were thrown and when they accidentally came together, they became a chubby baby, which she presented to the king, saying it was his child, which later became known as Jarasandha.

Brihadyumna A King, a disciple of sage Raibhya. Name assumed by Arjuna while living at Virata's court in incognito. He taught arts to Uttara, the princess of the kingdom of Virata. A daring warrior who charged at Abhimanyu caught in the Kaurava army's net. A town on the site of an ancient forest which is the region where Lord Krishna spent his childhood days.

It lies in the Braj region. Portuguese word to describe in a western context the Hindu system of classification of peoples jati Diagram of chakrasChakra Msb: An energy node in the human body. The seven main chakras are described as being aligned in an ascending column from the base of the spine to the top of the head.

Each chakra is associated with a certain colour, multiple specific functions, an aspect of consciousness, a classical element, and other distinguishing characteristics. A person of a degraded caste, whose conduct was much below standard and whose cause pollution. A devotee of Manasa Channa 0T? A royal servant and head charioteer of Prince Siddhartha, who was to become the Buddha.

A merchant-prince of Champaka Nagar. A son of King Dhritarashtra who perished in the war. An ancient Indian Ayurvedic text on internal medicine written by Caraka. It is believed to be the oldest of the three ancient treatises of Ayurveda. Place of public assembly of the village. It is the property of the entire community. In it all public business is transacted, and it serves also as the village club the headquarters of the village police and guest house for travellers. Chekitana was son of Dhrishtaketu, Raja of the Kekayas, and an ally of the Pandavas.

A son of Dhritarashtra killed in the war. Chitraksha One of the many sons of King Dhritarashtra who fell in the war. Chitrakuta was in mountain forests where Rama, Sita and Lakshmana spent eleven and half years of their exile; The hermitages of Valmlki, Atri, Sati Anusuya, Dattatreya, Maharshi Markandeya, Sarbhanga, Sutikshna were here; and here the principal trinity of the Hindu pantheon, Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, took their incarnations.

Chitralekha Chitralekha was a friend of Usha and daughter of minister of Banasura. She was a talented lady who helped Usha to identify the young man, Aniruddha, seen in the dream of Usha. Chitralekha through supernatural powers abducted Aniruddha from the palace of Krishna and brought him to Usha. King of the Gandharvas who prevented the Kauravas from putting up their camp near the pond where he himself had encamped. Chitrayudha A Kaurava prince who laid down his life in the war. A brother of Duryodhana who was killed in the war Chitrangada Fd3i J ld: Elder son of Santanu born of Matsyagandhi Satyavati who succeeded his father on the throne of Hastinapura.

Chitrangada was one of Arjuna's wives. Arjuna travelled the length and breadth of India during his term of exile. In ancient Manipur in the eastern Himalayas he met Chitrangada, the daughter of the king of Manipur and married her. Babhruvahana was soon born to the couple. Babruvahana would succeed his grandfather as king of Manipur. Dadhichi was a Vedic king, son of Atharvan, who turned a great Rishi. Dadhicha gave his bones to destroy Vritra, a brahmin, who became the head of the Asuras. Daityas were the children of Did and the sage Kashyapa.

They were a race of giants who fought against the gods. The skilled one, is an ancient creator god, one of the Prajapatis, the Rishis and the Adityas, and a son of Brahma. Dakshayani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity; she is worshipped particularly by ladies to seek the long life of their husbands.

An aspect of Devi, Dakshayani is the consort of Shiva. She is the wife of Nala whose story is told in the Mahabharata. Dandaka d'S c b: A kingdom and a forest, had the same name, was a colonial state of Lanka under the reign of Ravana. It was the stronghold of all the Rakshasa tribes living in the Dandaka Forest. King of Ayodhya and Rama's father. A country whose king attacked Bhagadatta's elephant in an effort to save Bhima. The queen of Chedi kingdom and mother of Damayanti were daughters of king of Dasharna.

A supernatural being that has generally been described as a malevolent spirit. A demon is frequently depicted as a force that may be conjured and insecurely controlled, they were constantly at war with devas. Devadatta Name of Arjuna's conch, also Buddha's cousin. The Sanskrit word for god or deity. It can be interpreted as a demi- god, deity or any supernatural being of high excellence. Father of Yajnavalkya, the gods had given him a great bow and neither gods, nor gandharvas, nor asuras, nor rakshsa, nor men had might to string that.

Mother of Lord Krishna. A sage who condemned the game of dice as an evil form of gambling and declared it unfit as entertainment for good people, as it usually offered scope for deceit and dishonesty. The eighth child of Santanu and Ganga who in time mastered the art yielding arms and learned the Vedas and Vedanta as also the sciences known to Sukra was crowned Yuvaraja heir apparent , but later vowed to celibacy and was known as Bhishma. DevayanI The beautiful daughter of Shukracharaya, preceptor of the demons, who fell in love with Kacha, son of Brihaspati, preceptor of the Devas.

King of the Gods. The female version of a Deva, i. Devi is considered to be the Supreme Goddess in Shaktism. Dhanvantari An avatar of the Hindu God Vishnu. Dhanvantari appears in the Vedas as the physician of the gods, and is the god of Ayurvedic medicine.

Righteous course of conduct. Can mean law, rule or duty. Beings that live in harmony with Dharma proceed quicker towards moksha. Dharmagranthi Assumed named of Nakula at Virata's court. The delighted of Dharma, a name of Yudhishthira, the son of Dharma or Yama. He possessed the secret of good life and lived in the city of Mithila. He was a meat-seller. One of the names of Arjuna.

A great sage whom Medhavi, son of sage Baladhi, once insulted. He took the form of a bull and butted at that mountain and broke it to pieces. Then Medhavi fell down dead. Preceptor of the Pandavas, who accompanied them during their exile to the Kurujangala forest, singing Sama hymns addressed to Yama, Lord of Death.

Supreme commander of the Pandava forces and twin brother of Draupadi. Dhrishtaketu Dhrishtaketu may be 1. A son of Dhrishtadyumna. A son of Shishupala, king of Chedi, and an ally of the Pandavas. A king of the Kekayas, also an ally of the Pandavas. Elder son of Vichitravirya and Ambika, born blind, father of Duryodhana. The son of Yama, epithet of Yudhishthira. The Grey-eye rakshasha appointed by Ravana who was slain by Hanumana.

Dilipa Son of Anshumat and father of Bhagiratha. A significant 5 -day festival in Hinduism occurring between mid October and mid November. It is also popularly known as the Lestival of Lights. Daughter of King Drupada, King of Panchala,who was bom from fire. She was the sister of Dhrishyadyumna. She married all the five Pandavas though Arjuna had won her in the Swayamvara, because of the vow that they would share everything in common.

A Brahman discovered by Bhishma, Son of a Brahmana named Bharadwaja; married a sister of Kripa and a son Aswathama was bom to them; learnt military art from Parasurama, the maser. Later he became the instructor to the Kaurava and Pandava princes in the use of arms. He was slain by Dhrishtadyumna in Mahabharata war. The pandava Bhima killed him at Kurukshetra and drank his blood in accordance with the vow he had taken.

Durga A form of Devi, the supreme goddess. She is depicted as a woman riding a lion with multiple hands carrying weapons and assuming mudras. Durmarsha A son of Dhritarashtra killed by Bhima. Durmata A son of Dhritarashtra who was killed by Bhima. Durmukha A chariot-borne warrior on the Kaurava side.

An ancient sage known for his anger who visited the Kauravas. Duryodhana asked him to visit his cousins, the Pandavas, hoping that they would incur his wrath.