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Although Apple is offering its iBook Authoring tool for free, the output format is proprietary and content offered through the iBook 2 store will be subject to….
View original post more words. Posted by Lisa Chamberlin on January 28, in miscellaneous. In medieval days — university classes consisted of students handwriting out the copies of the text from slowly lectured texts. The printing press was a huge disruptive technology. Not much has changed since then in teaching. Why do we think computers will? Students share with teachers projects and homework and teachers share with students content and ideas.
When there is no sharing, there is no education. You give knowledge without giving anything away. When items are put in a tangible form, I know longer have it in my possession and have to compete for access…the exception is when ideas are stored digitally. We have an unprecendented capacity to share digitally. Distribution of digital sharing follows the same pattern. Having the ability to edit or adapt material to help with the sense-making is vital and necessary.
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Creative Commons, on the other hand, enforces sharing. What the Internet enables — OER allows. Wiley debunks the theory that if you give it away for free, people stop buying. Shows examples of students registering for courses after using OER, correlations between free online book sales with strong print sales, and for-profit business being successful using CC licensed textbooks Flat World Knowledge. Project Kaleidoscope — 10 high enrolled courses on 8 campuses — sharing adopted OER texts targeted at specific courses.
CK12 — teachers adapt CK12 materials for K in a printed version. Expensive books are slow to turn over — content becomes dated over the 7 year adoption cycle. There has been no significant difference using these texts without providing professional development in using this technology — the cost reduction is significant though! Utah takes the lead — Statewide secondary schools will be using open texts starting in Syllabi in a wiki. Students can change it if they want. No one touched the wiki even with permission at first.
Later, they added assignments — things they wanted to see. This work becomes searchable artifacts for others outside the course. These pieces get connected to the greater web for comment, sharing, and motivate students to up their game. Open the course online for non-registered students to participate. The global audience made it richer. Use of badges for grades on courses created using a MORP type format. Easier to use data to fix courses.
There is a relationship between openness and analytics. Requires permissions to be able to make those fixes.
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Read reviews that mention autonomous weapons artificial intelligence autonomous weapon paul scharre autonomy technology critical risks context current development ethical military ban control learning ranger state states analysis. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. As a former U. Army ranger and a current Pentagon defense expert, Paul Scharre clearly explores the strategic, legal, and ethical pros and cons of the three degrees of autonomy, i.
Autonomous weapon systems can be subdivided into: Scharre convincingly demonstrates to his audience that artificial intelligence AI systems can outsmart humans in narrow tasks but fall short of humans in general intelligence. For example, the U.
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Patriot fratricides during the second Gulf War. Furthermore, the degree of autonomy granted to weapon systems does not exist in a vacuum. It also depends on what the potential adversaries of the U. This arm race could ultimately undermine the idealized centaur model of human-machine teaming in war. Unsurprisingly, some non-profit organizations and smaller states strive for deliberately banning fully autonomous weapons due to what they consider the accountability gap in their performance.
Think for example about crisis stability, escalation control, and war termination. These non-profit organizations and smaller states consider the international humanitarian law IHL principles of distinction, proportionality, and other rules insufficient in the presence of fully autonomous weapons.
In a nutshell, their template is the generally successful bans on land mines and cluster munitions. Alternatively, some form of regulations on the use of fully autonomous weapons could come from the countries with the most to lose from a total ban, i. In the meantime, technology in autonomous weapon systems presses forward at full speed.
If the effect of artificial intelligence on warfare interests you, Mr. Scharre's book provides a comprehensive review of the subject from a practical, technological and ethical perspective. The Army Futures Command has just opened its headquarters in Austin, Texas, with a plan to ensure that the Army is prepared to fight the wars of the future. If this book is not on their reading list, it should be. Here are a few of the topics that the book covers. Army Ranger Scharre addresses the importance of "context" in combat by drawing on some of his experiences in combat in Afghanistan.
The 7 year old girl sent by possibly hostile Afghans to recon his unit's position during an operation in Afghanistan. Under the definitions of war Ranger Scharre and his unit could have shot her, but they didn't because she looked to be about 7 years old. Would an autonomous weapon with the power to kill have made the same decision? The book examines the question of "what is autonomy? What weapons have been built and used that could be considered autonomous.
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Robots and drones - how are these being developed by the Pentagon and by private parties using off-the-shelf parts and software. Can autonomous weapons be used safely and, if they are used, what are the risks? Speed may be critical. If your opponent uses weapons that simply act faster than any human could, the likelihood is that other combatants will use these weapons as well.
Does mankind "summon the demon" by building and deploying these machines? The book has a lengthy review of the parties and persons fighting to ban these weapons. If also looks at the effectiveness of various weapons bans both in the last century and over hundreds of years. Arms control has a very mixed history. One possible development may be the centaur warfighter - man plus machine. How do we control the warfighting capacities of machines with ever more capable artificial intelligence? My sense is that the range of outcomes will be tilted from "only with great difficulty" to "we can't.
I found the author to be very candid, well read, and open in his presentation of the present condition of autonomous weapons.
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If you have an interest in the topic, I believe that the book will reward your time. One person found this helpful. Autonomous systems, and autonomous weapons become an integral part of the human culture and the battlefield. The added values are high, but in the same breath, the risks are also high and mainly, unknown.
Army of N0ne attitude is to provide to reader real-life scenarios e. Although there are no simple answers to questions that the book arises, the book provides some directions and guidelines. Furthermore, the "book language" allow it to be used by diverse target audiences, such as the higher management and technical intelligence staff. As a side comment, the book can also serve audiences that like to understand better the autonomous systems world, without any direct connection to the military world.
Overall, the book is well written and it provide a solid rock for further learning. One person found this helpful 2 people found this helpful. A world-leading expert in national security and technology spent a decade researching and writing this book - the first to ever address the implications of the 3rd Offset. Written in a style that makes the science and philosophy approachable to non-experts, this book is a must read for anyone concerned about the future of warfare.