The EU and the European Security Order: Interfacing Security Actors (Contemporary Security Studies)

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To view the second part with concrete guidelines, please follow this link. Par le biais de la motion de MM. In this article , author Monica Den Boer seeks to address the emerging role of the European Union EU as a security and intelligence actor from the perspective of counter-terrorism. Intelligence as a process and product has been strongly promoted by the EU as a useful and necessary tool in the fight against terrorism, radicalization, organized crime and public order problems.

A range of agencies has been established that collect, analyze and operationalize intelligence in view of strategically defined security threats. Examples are Europol and Frontex. This article makes an inventory of their roles and competences in the field of intelligence and looks at the list of instruments that encourage the sharing of intelligence between different law enforcement and security agencies.

Moreover, it is argued in this article that as intelligence becomes more hybrid and as the EU only holds light powers of oversight on ownership and integrity of data, considerable governance challenges lurk around the corner. To cite this article: To access the full report , kindly follow the link. The implementation of the Gender Perspective in the EU civilian and military missions: The November 13th attacks on carefully chosen targets in Paris have been claimed by the self-proclaimed Islamic State IS and were deliberately meant to kill and injure as many civilians as possible.

The attacks were complex and well-coordinated, involving homegrown as well as returned foreign fighters FFs. Read the full policy brief: This new report provides an in-depth study of the role of the European Union as a security actor in Africa. The EU as a security actor in Africa. In any crisis situation, a decent level of security is a precondition to sustainable development, while development, in turn, allows for peace to endure.

The African continent has been the primary focus of these discussions, mainly in the context of Mali and Somalia — where two EU training missions are deployed alongside a wide range of support activities — but also in the framework of EU support to the African Peace and Security Architecture APSA. In these different cases, the provision of military equipment has been given particular attention.

The forthcoming European Council is expected to give further guidance on the way forward. For the full report about Enabling partners to manage crises: A CSDP White Book is necessary to define the level of ambition, required capabilities and how to obtain these capabilities. Political commitment and follow-up are essential to achieve progress in defence cooperation. To achieve this, the member states should commit to benchmarks, regular reporting and sharing information on defence plans and budgets.

In addition, financial incentives, such as allocating EU budget for defence related research should be explored. Please kindly follow the link to access to full document: Towards a stronger EU security and defence policy. This article by Thierry Tardy from the European Union Institute for Security Studies ISS explores the recent developments in the conceptual and practical boundaries of EU civilian crisis management CCM , an issue that comprises security sector reform, good governance, support to the rule of law and to political processes.

The author argues that the current evolution of the security environment and of the EU's institutional setting has transformed CCM in at least two ways. First, CCM has become a broad-ranging activity that not only cuts across all forms of EU external action but also concerns the internal security agenda.

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Closer to the EU or even within it, security challenges such as organised crime, illegal migration or terrorism have made the traditional divide between internal and external security increasingly irrelevant and led to calls for greater interaction between different levels of EU action.

Towards a new paradigm , kindly follow the link. The three major crises the EU has faced since — concerning the euro, migration and Brexit — reflect a broader crisis of its intergovernmental governance. There are a number of negative spillover effects of this crisis of governance: As a response to these developments, the EU must adapt its foreign policymaking processes. It must find ways to integrate long-term strategic debates into European Council deliberations and build on the expertise that its expanded and variegated membership has to offer.

It should also clarify the division of labour between the European External Action Service and the European Council, with the former acting as its main diplomatic operator and the latter as the prime locus of political authority. But a policy of isolating the people living in these conflict regions narrows the road to peace. What common security challenges face the European Union and India, and how can the two regions cooperate to find common solutions?

This report explores these areas and contains recommendations for the next steps required to reinvigorate the security component of the EU-India Strategic Partnership. There can be no doubt that the refugee crisis possesses a security dimension. Armed conflicts with scant prospect of speedy resolution are driving people to seek refuge abroad.

EU Internal Security Cooperation │ Literature Wiki │ - B/ORDERS IN MOTION

Their growing numbers represent an enormous challenge for a string of states — from the immediate neighbourhood with its gigantic refugee camps through the transit countries to the Member States of the European Union. How does the refugee crisis alter the role and self-perception of the security institutions, and what influence does it exert on ongoing strategy processes? It has demonstrated to what extend the boundaries between external and internal security have become blurred. More specifically, one or more new strategy documents are required and, in this context, the EU should also pursue WMD-related contingency planning to increase preparedness and prevent or counter crises.

The differentiation of WMD-related threats over the past decade, however, has risked making crisis response too slow and uncoordinated at all levels, from the local to the global. In parallel, there is the constant risk that the lessons learned from the more or less successful application of deterrence and other types of influencing methods are being forgotten.

If a multi-sector crisis were to occur in some way linked to WMD, the lack of a level playing field in this regard could cause existential problems for certain EU member states. A follow-on to the global strategy? Among other objectives, the Belt intends to promote infrastructural development and connectivity, and stimulate economic integration across the Eurasian continent. This one-year desk and field study examines the Belt from a security perspective. The report elaborates on whether the Belt is a platform for European Union EU —China cooperation on mitigating security threats throughout Eurasia, and provides policy recommendations to the EU on how to proceed.

It provides a detailed analysis of the relationship between the two institutions, identifying and assessing key points of divergence, elucidating concerns and complaints, and suggesting ways to strengthen future relations by bridging the divides that currently separate them. It outlines the existing relationship between human rights, international humanitarian law, terrorism and dual-use export controls and details the origins of the discussion about applying export controls to cyber-surveillance technology.

The fight against illegal arms transfers requires regulation and an effective monitoring of arms brokers. Their business primarily consists of facilitating and arranging transactions in exchange for compensation or material recompense. Indeed some of them manage to circumvent existing controls by exploiting different national regulations or conducting their activities from countries where controls are weak or non-existent. In the EU member states took an important initiative by setting a harmonized system of control of arms brokers. With the adoption of a European Common Position they introduced controls on brokering activities taking place on their territories.

Yet, six years later, all EU member states still have no legislation on arms brokering, while others need to adapt their national legislation to EU standards. Furthermore this European instrument reflects minimum standards which currently appear insufficient to effectively fight against ill disposed brokers.

YEL interviews Patryk Pawlak, Senior Analyst, European Institute for Security Studies

This report reviews the extent to which EU member states implement the Common Position on arms brokering and suggests some improvements for a better control on brokering activities and an effective fight against illegal arms transfers. One section of the report also considers a major gap in the national regulations: Finally, the report presents the case study of the Belgian legislation on arms brokering. One of the key weaknesses in controls on the international arms trade is the absence or penury of national regulations on arms brokering activities. At present, only about sixteen countries in the world are known to control the activities of those negotiating, arranging or otherwise facilitating arms transfers between buyers and sellers.

Moreover, unscrupulous brokers have demonstrated their ability to circumvent existing controls by exploiting differences in national approaches, or by simply conducting their activities from another country with lax or no controls at all. This weak link in arms control allows unscrupulous brokers to engage with impunity in undesirable or illicit activities such as arranging arms transfers to embargoed governments or non-state actors. Under this instrument, EU member states have committed themselves to establishing a clear legal framework for brokering activities taking place within their territory.

By creating common standards, the EU Common Position thus represents a significant step forward. However, there remain concerns that these standards still fall short of what is required to effectively combat undesirable or illicit brokering activities. The first part of this report identifies key issues in this respect and suggests concrete measures governments should consider when deciding on what controls they deem appropriate.

The second part of this report presents an overview of already existing or planned brokering controls in certain EU member states. The report concludes that despite the progress presented by the EU Common Position, there are still shortcomings regarding the controls that would seem necessary for effectively combating unscrupulous brokers and their activities.

Where appropriate, governments of EU member states should therefore individually be encouraged to ensure that their national approach fully addresses arms brokering. This would also facilitate possible future efforts on the level of the EU to further strengthen common commitments.

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This paper reflects on the challenges facing the effective implementation of the new EU fundamental rights architecture that emerged from the Lisbon Treaty. The paper first analyses the praxis of the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg and its long-standing experience in overseeing the practical implementation of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

Against this analysis, it then examines the readiness of the CJEU to live up to its consolidated and strengthened mandate on fundamental rights as one of the prime guarantors of the effective implementation of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. To flesh out our arguments, we rely on examples within the scope of the relatively new and complex domain of EU legislation, the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice AFSJ , and its immigration, external border and asylum policies.

Riddervold, Marianne ''A matter of principle'? A German Perspective', The Washington quarterly. Randall and Pier Carlo Padoan. Brookings Institution Press, c Molle, Multilateralism and regionalism in the post-Uruguay Round era: International Finance Section, Dept. Beyond foreign economic policy: Costin, Harry Ivan, Managing in the global economy: Donnelly, Brendan 'Europe in the World: Perspectives after Lisbon and Stockholm', International spectator: Grand Strategy for a Global Grand Bargain? Europe's Hybrid Foreign Policy: More Coherence, More Effectiveness?

European Union member states' arms export to Libya, European security. Markus Kornprobst Building agreements upon agreements: The European Union and grand strategy European journal of international relations. Nicole Koenig Between conflict management and role conflict: Security Cooperation beyond the Nation State: A Neorealist Interpretation' 17 European foreign affairs review.

Henrik Larsen, 'EU to the Rescue? Challenges of Implementation, Volume 21, Issue 2, Towards a New Research Agenda? The Treaty of Lisbon, http: A Contradiction in Terms?

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Wagnsson, Charlotte 'Divided power Europe: Wyn Rees, Inside Out: Martin Holland, Common foreign and security policy: Jeremy Richardson, The European Union: Power and Policy , London, Routledge, Jolyon Howarth, Towards a European foreign and security policy? Fraser Cameron, The foreign and security policy of the European Union: Sheffield Academic Press, Elfriede Regelsberger, et al,. John Peterson and Helene Sjursen. A common foreign policy for Europe? Has It Really Changed? Hijacker or Hostage of Cross-pillarization? Partner or Hotbed of Threats?

Steve Peers, Mission Accomplished? Gaisbauer Evolving patterns of internal security cooperation: Wallace, Policy-Making in the European Union , Craig and de Burca, EU Law , Gourlay, Catriona 'European Union procedures and resources for crisis management', International peacekeeping. Laura Davis Make do, or mend? EU security provision in complex conflicts: Raphael Bossong EU civilian crisis management and organizational learning, European security. European Commission, External Relations: The Europeanization of national foreign policy: John Mearsheimer, 'Back to the Future, International security.

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Rhienhard Rummell, Toward political union: Roy Ginsberg, Foreign policy actions of the European Community: Chappell, Laura 'Poland in Transition: Models of Normative In action' 17 European foreign affairs review. Juncos and Richard G. Whitman, Europe as a Regional Actor: Soft Power Strategy or Policy Failure? Globalisation and enlargement of the European union: Alasdair Young and Helen Wallace Regulatory politics in the enlarging European Union: Martin Smith and Graham Timmins Building a bigger Europe: The enlargement of the European Union: British and German interests in EU enlargement: Pushing back the boundaries: Heather Grabbe and Kirsty Hughes No price; London: Pinter for the Royal Institute of International Affairs.

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John Zysman and Andrew Schwartz Graham Avery and Fraser Cameron The making of EU foreign policy: Susan Senior Nello and Karen E. John Redmond and Glenda Rosenthal eds. The expanding European Union: Enlarging the European Union: Centre for Economic Policy Research.