Population Growth and Migration: 220 (Issues)

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Contents

  1. As a citizen of Melbourne, don't I have the right to question immigration?
  2. Population growth: what role does immigration play?
  3. Australia's fierce immigration debate is about to get louder
  4. Population growth: what role does immigration play? – Parliament of Australia

Temporary skilled migration increased markedly between and as employers sought to fill skills shortages, but began to decline in in response to prevailing economic constraints. Close connections have evolved between permanent and temporary migration as temporary migrants have increasingly sought to apply for permanent settlement in Australia. By —08 up to 40 per cent of visas in the permanent skilled migration program were granted to people who initially came to Australia as temporary migrants, largely Subclass visa holders and overseas students.

As a citizen of Melbourne, don't I have the right to question immigration?

The Rudd Government introduced a number of reforms to the skilled migration program. Substantial reforms to the skilled migration program were announced in February , following a period of unprecedented growth in overseas students in the vocational education sector concentrated in a small number of trades such as cooking and hairdressing.

The reforms made priority access to permanent migration contingent upon the achievement of concrete employment outcomes.


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There is no doubt that migration flows are significant drivers of population growth in Australia. E Koleth, Overseas students: The migration program Since Australia has run a managed Migration Program, under which places are allocated each year for people wanting to migrate permanently to Australia. It is no coincidence that migrants are fleeing exactly those regions where population growth has been extremely high over the past couple of decades. Would-be immigrants at the Greek-Macedonian border.

As people escape poor, dangerous living conditions they flow towards nations with more resources, which typically also have lower birth rates and more stable population densities. Europe is not alone in seeing a migrant influx, of course: What connects the dots of too-rapid population growth, war, and migration? Rapid population growth ultimately results in an intensified competition for resources, jobs, and even such basics as food and water. That is exactly the case where ISIS has been expanding strongholds, and why, in , war-torn Afghanistan, Syria, Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia accounted for nearly 20 million of the refugees knocking at the doors of other nations.

As we go into the future, all demographic models show population continuing to skyrocket in the poorest countries, notably in Africa and the Middle East, including many nations already showing internal conflict.

Population growth: what role does immigration play?

Exacerbating the problem will be impacts of human-caused climate change. Already, unusual climate events have contributed to the refugee-producing crises in Southeast Asia, northeast Africa, and to the Arab Spring uprising, and it is exactly the poorest, most densely populated, and politically least stable regions of the world that are predicted to be hit hardest by rising sea levels, disruption of water and food supplies, and energy shortages slated to intensify as the world tips into a new climate regime.

Education minister James Merlino boasted that 10 new schools opened last year, 11 would open this year and nine next year. But the Grattan Institute a couple of years ago estimated that Victoria would need news schools within a decade. The school where Merlino chose to make his announcement, the John Henry Primary School in exploding Pakenham, is at capacity and is taking no new enrolments. It opened just last year.

Australia's fierce immigration debate is about to get louder

Businesses and property developers want more and more people because they want bigger markets and more consumers. And it is true that our migrant intake is skewed towards skilled migrants, with a smaller proportion of family reunions, plus this year, 18, people on humanitarian visas. There is nothing wrong with our system. The debate is about the sheer numbers, and whether that is serving us well now.


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What is immigration for? Who is it for? The most curious argument in favour of large population growth is that, somehow, Australians — those here for generations and those recently settled — owe it to the rest of the world to populate quickly.

Population growth: what role does immigration play? – Parliament of Australia

Apart from our humanitarian intake — which is a duty for an affluent country like ours — the primary purpose of immigration is to benefit people who already live here, or at least not to worsen their quality of life. We have benefited enormously from immigration. We are a land of immigrants. We will, and should, keep growing and much of that growth will be newcomers settling here.

220 years of US population changes in one map