Manual: Disassembly and Reassembly of the Mosin-Nagant 1891/30 rifle, model 38 and model 44 carbines
Unlike the Mauser, which uses a "controlled feed" bolt head in which the cartridge base snaps up under the fixed extractor as the cartridge is fed from the magazine, the Mosin has a "push feed" recessed bolt head in which the spring-loaded extractor snaps over the cartridge base as the bolt is finally closed similar to the Gewehr and M91 Carcano or modern sporting rifles like the Remington Like the Mauser, the Mosin uses a blade ejector mounted in the receiver. The Mosin bolt is removed by simply pulling it fully to the rear of the receiver and squeezing the trigger, while the Mauser has a bolt stop lever separate from the trigger.
Like the Mauser, the bolt lift arc on the Mosin—Nagant is 90 degrees, versus 60 degrees on the Lee—Enfield. The Mauser bolt handle is at the rear of the bolt body and locks behind the solid rear receiver ring. The Mosin bolt handle is similar to the Mannlicher: The rifling of the Mosin barrel is right turning clockwise looking down the rifle 4-groove with a twist of 1: The 5-round fixed metallic magazine can either be loaded by inserting the cartridges singly, or more often in military service, by the use of 5-round stripper clips.
The 3-line rifle, Model , its original official designation, was adopted by the Russian military in Some details were borrowed from Nagant's design.
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One such detail is the attachment of the magazine spring to the magazine base plate. In Mosin's original design the spring was not attached to the base plate and, according to the Commission, could be lost during cleaning. Another detail is the form of the clip that could hold five cartridges to be loaded simultaneously into the magazine. Another detail is the form of the "interrupter", a specially designed part within the receiver, which helps prevent double feeding.
Mosin–Nagant - Wikipedia
The initial rifle proposed by Mosin lacked an interrupter, leading to numerous failures to feed. This detail was introduced in the rifle borrowing from Nagant's rifle. Although the form of the interrupter was slightly changed, this alteration was subsequently borrowed back by the Commission for the Model Mosin—Nagant. During the modernization of , the form of the interrupter was further changed, from a single piece to a two-piece design, as the part had turned out to be one of the least reliable parts of the action.
Only the clip loading cartridges and the attachment of the magazine spring to the magazine base plate in subsequent models were designed by Nagant. Considering the rifle could be easily loaded without using a clip, one cartridge after another, the magazine spring attached to the magazine base plate is the only contribution of Nagant to all rifles after Despite the failure of Nagant's rifle, he filed a patent suit, claiming he was entitled to the sum the winner was to receive.
It appeared that Nagant was the first to apply for the international patent protection over the "interrupter", although he borrowed it from Mosin's design initially. Mosin could not apply for a patent since he was an officer of the Russian army, and the design of the rifle was owned by the Government and had the status of a military secret. A scandal was about to burst out, with Nagant threatening he would not participate in trials held in Russia ever again and some officials proposing to expel Nagant from any further trials as he borrowed the design of the "interrupter" after it was covered by the "secrecy" status given in Russia of that time to military inventions and therefore violated Russian law.
Taking into consideration that Nagant was one of the few producers not engaged by competitive governments and generally eager to cooperate and share experience and technologies, the Commission paid him a sum of , Russian rubles, equal to the premium that Mosin received as the winner.
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The rifle did not receive the name of Mosin, because of the personal decision taken by Tzar Alexander III , which was made based on the opinion of the Defence Minister Pyotr Vannovskiy: This turned out to be a wise decision, as Leon Nagant remained the major contractor for the Russian Government, and in , Nagant's revolver was adopted by the Russian army as the main sidearm. However, for the same reason and because of Nagant's attempts to use the situation for publicity, the "Mosin—Nagant" name appeared in the Western literature the rifle was never called this in Russia.
The name is a misnomer from the legal point of view taking into consideration the legal provisions of Russian law at that time, i. Moreover, from the technical point of view the rifle that came to be called "Mosin—Nagant" or "Nagant—Mosin" is the design proposed by Mosin, as further amended by Mosin with some details being borrowed from Nagant's design. In Tsar Nicolas ordered the Russian army to meet or exceed European standards in rifle developments with "rifles of reduced caliber and cartridges with smokeless powder. The Russo-Japanese War — was the Mosin—Nagant M [nb 1] rifle's first major "blooding", and by the time the war broke out in , approximately 3,, Mosin—Nagant M rifles had been built,  with over a million and a half in the hands of the Russian cavalry and all of his reserves when hostilities commenced.
Most Russian units in the Far East were still armed with Berdan rifles. Between the adoption of the final design in and the year , several variants and modifications to the existing rifles were made. With the start of World War I , production was restricted to the M dragoon and infantry models for the sake of simplicity. Due to the desperate shortage of arms and the shortcomings of a still-developing domestic industry , the Russian government ordered 1.
Deliveries to Russia had amounted to , rifles when the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ended hostilities between the Central Powers and Russia. Henceforth, the new Bolshevik regime of Vladimir Lenin cancelled payments to the American companies manufacturing the Mosin—Nagant Russia had not paid for the order at any time throughout the Great War.
With Remington and Westinghouse on the precipice of bankruptcy from the Communists' decision, the remaining , rifles were purchased by the United States Army. American and British expeditionary forces of the North Russia Campaign were armed with these rifles and sent to Murmansk and Arkhangelsk in the late summer of to prevent the large quantities of munitions delivered for Czarist forces from being captured by the Central Powers.
Remaining rifles were used for the training of U. Some were used to equip U. In , 50, rifles were sent via Vladivostok to the Czechoslovak Legions in Siberia to aid in their attempt to secure passage to France. Large numbers of Mosin—Nagants were captured by German and Austro-Hungarian forces and saw service with the rear-echelon forces of both armies, and also with the Imperial German Navy.
Many of these weapons were sold to Finland in the s. During the Russian Civil War , infantry and dragoon versions were still in production, though in dramatically reduced numbers. The rifle was widely used by Bolsheviks , Black Guards and their enemies, the White Russians counter-revolutionary forces.
In , following the victory of the Red Army , a committee was established to modernize the rifle, which had by then been in service for over three decades. The sight measurements were converted from arshins to meters; and the front sight blade was replaced by a hooded post front sight less susceptible to being knocked out of alignment. There were also minor modifications to the bolt, but not enough to prevent interchangeability with the earlier Model and the so-called "Cossack dragoon" rifles. Finland produced several variants of the Mosin—Nagant, all of them manufactured using the receivers of Russian-made or later Soviet-made rifles.
In assembling M39 rifles, Finnish armorers re-used octagonal receivers that dated back as far as Finnish rifles are characterized by Russian, French or American-made receivers stamped with a boxed SA, as well as many other parts produced in those countries and barrels produced in Finland, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium and Germany. The Finns also manufactured two-piece "finger splice" stocks for their Mosin—Nagant rifles. In addition, the rifle was distributed as aid to Republican anti- Franco forces in the Spanish Civil War.
It served quite prominently in the brutal urban battles on the Eastern Front , such as the Battle of Stalingrad , which made heroes of snipers like Vasily Zaitsev and Ivan Sidorenko. These sniper rifles were highly respected for being very rugged, reliable, accurate, and easy to maintain. The hex receiver actually octagonal was changed to a round receiver. The wartime Mosins are easily identified by the presence of tool marks and rough finishing that never would have passed the inspectors in peacetime [ citation needed ].
However, despite a lack of both aesthetic focus and uniformity, the basic functionality of the Mosins was unimpaired. In addition, in , a carbine version of the Mosin—Nagant, the M38, was issued. The carbine used the same cartridge and action as other Mosins, but the barrel was shortened by The idea was to issue the M38 to troops such as combat engineers , signal corps, and artillerymen , who could conceivably need to defend themselves from sudden enemy advances, but whose primary duties lay behind the front lines.
An increase in urban combat led directly to the development of the Model M44 Mosin. In essence, the M44 is an M38 with a slightly modified forearm and with a permanently mounted cruciform bayonet that folds to the right when it is not needed. Despite its increasing obsolescence, the Mosin—Nagant saw continued service throughout the Eastern bloc and the rest of the world for many decades to come. They were kept not only as reserve stockpiles, but front-line infantry weapons as well. Middle Eastern countries within the sphere of Soviet influence—Egypt, Syria , Iraq , Afghanistan and Palestinian fighters—have received them in addition to other more modern arms.
Mosin—Nagants have also seen action in the hands of both Soviet  and Mujahadeen forces in Afghanistan during the Soviet Union's occupation of the country during the s and the s. Their use in Afghanistan continued on well into the s and the early 21st century by Northern Alliance forces.
Even after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Mosin—Nagants are still commonly found on modern battlefields around the world. They were used by insurgent forces in the Iraq War and the War in Afghanistan. Mosin—Nagant rifles have even been seen in the present conflict of the Syrian Civil War , in the hands of rebels. Considering sniper rifles as part of a national army's weapons, the Mosin—Nagant is the longest continuously serving rifle in history, at more than years.
However, the Mosin—Nagant is not the longest continuously serving firearm used in combat issued by a government, as the Brown Bess musket was in use from through about within the British Empire. The Finnish cartridge 7. However, the older version of the Finnish military cartridge was loaded with the S-type bullet that had nominal diameter of.
In the Finnish Army fielded a new standard service cartridge intended for both machine guns and rifles. This new cartridge was loaded with a new bullet designed in - the D, which had a nominal diameter of. Handloaded cartridges for Finnish rifles should however use a 0. During the interwar period, the rifles which had been taken over by the US military were sold to private citizens in the United States by the Director of Civilian Marksmanship, the predecessor agency to the current Civilian Marksmanship Program.
If unaltered to chamber the US standard. Mosin—Nagants have been exported from Finland since the s as its military modernized and decommissioned the rifles. Most of these have ended up as inexpensive surplus for Western nations. In Russia the Mosin—Nagant action has been used to produce a limited number of commercial rifles, the most famous are the Vostok brand target rifles exported in Europe in the s and s chambered in the standard 7. Rifles from this program are valuable collectibles.
Many of these American-made Mosin—Nagants were rechambered by wholesalers to the ubiquitous American. Regardless of the conversion, a qualified gunsmith should examine the rifle before firing, and owners should use caution before firing commercial ammunition. With the fall of the Iron Curtain , a large quantity of Mosin—Nagants have found their way onto markets outside of Russia as collectibles and hunting rifles. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later.
This book gives some history and proper care instructions for one of the most prolific military arms in the world. It's a must for every serious Mosin pronounced Moh-seen, NOT Mo-zin, according to the actual Cyrillic spelling of the inventor's name collector and owner. It would've been nice to get a copy of the original Soviet manual, but that would've been cost-prohibitive.
It also includes an insight as to how the Soviet soldiers, who were issued the rifle, were expected to care for it during combat operations as well as in between use.
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Complete disassembly and cleaning instructions are provided as well. Finally it gives suggestions for proper aiming and shooting techniques for a variety of situations. I've been shooting for several years, have a few other military surplus arms, and still found some useful suggestions and insight with this book that I didn't know and that could be applied to other firearms. My Mosin Nagant rifle was bought last month and is the first rifle other than a 22 that I have owned.
I got this manual to become better acquainted with the rifle and it's care and I have not been disappointed. The manual, apparently translated from the original Russian, is excellent, with details about the rifle itself, taking it apart, cleaning it, replacing parts or maintaining it, which are very useful. I would guess that even an experienced rifle owner would benefit from the manual.
The manual also has some parts that I hope will never come in handy, such as how to decontaminate the weapon after a chemical attack! The original manual was intended for the combat troops who were issued these rifles, so there's a lot of field information that may not be relevant to the armchair generals like me. The takedown and maintenance instructions are exactly what I needed. One person found this helpful 2 people found this helpful. The only problems I came across, were when I disassembled the bolt for the first time.
It took me a good 5 minutes to figure out how to put the bolt back together.
If not for the book, it might have been impossible. The book itself contains everything you would want to know about the rifle. From how to use the rear dovetail sights, to cleaning the rifle properly. The only reason not to like the book, is that it makes you think a little bit about what you're doing.
It lists every part and its function in the rifle, and how to use that part. So, in conclusion, if you want a good book on a great vintage weapon, this is the book for you. If you are more into collecting the rifle as a hobby, it's still a good book to have incase anything breaks. One person found this helpful. This is not some photocopied and stapled together "book". This is the real deal. I was pleasantly surprised to find a properly bound, shiny manual. The details are thorough and well-sketched. I previously bought a Mosin "manual" but after seeing this one I would have to say it was simply an incomplete copy of this one.
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If you are looking for a great Mosin Nagant manual, there might be better out there unbeknown to me, but I'm not looking any further. This one is great! Ok, so this book is not most the exciting read in the world. On the other hand, if you want to learn how to shoot a Mosin accurately, then this is the book for you.
It contains a parts list, instructions for dis-assembly and cleaning, instructions for zeroing the rifle a 15 cm group is the Russian Army minimum standard. An appendix describes how to use all three of the sniper variants in service at the time this manual was written, and an appendix written by the translator covers basic gun safety for the novice shooter.
The translator has added line drawing illustrations and provided Imperial conversions for most metric measurements.
This looks like the complete and authentic original manual for troops for the Russian Mosin Nagant, in English. We already knew a bit about the rifle but this adds a lot of good info and guidance, as well as how troops were to use it we just shoot targets. Very handy and interesting. This book is very well translated into very easily read font and spacing on very high quality paper. The books has a feeling of sturdiness to it that puts it somewhere in between a paperback book and a hardback.
Has a ton of useful information such as how to find your true zero or mean point of impact. Also, has a sniper appendix that shows the proper sight picture of the pe and and pu scopes. Also has a lot of entertaining information such as how to shoot at planes properly as well as the proper way to lead a paratrooper. Very worth the money and the insight it gives you into the red armies inter-workings is worth the price of admission alone. I have no basis for criticizing this book. It is exactly as advertised. The translator did a good job of translating so English readers would have no problems understanding him.
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The original work was done in Russia and they did a good job of explaining the use, care and operation of the rifle. Several kinds of examples are given when called for. See all 80 reviews.
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Most recent customer reviews. Published 1 year ago. Published on March 13,